This project was centered on computerized news editing system. The current process of news editing is being operated manually and due to this procedure numerous problem are been encountered. A design was taken to computerized the manual process in order to check this problem. The problems were identified after series of interviews and examination of documents after which analysis was made and a computerized procedure recommended. This project will also suggest how to successfully implement the computerized procedure and to overcome the obstacle that would hinder the successful implementation of the system. The new system was designed using VB.NET language. This language was chosen because of its easy syntax and features for developing online web based applications.
- Background Of The Study
The advent of computer technology has completely changed the way things are done globally. These effects of computer Technology can be fall in all field of study, consequently giving birth to the automation of process of activities in various field of human endeavor. It is believed that the traditional news editing system is grossly in efficient and ineffective . These hare been the reason behind the epileptic news presented on daily basis by journalists to their teaming audience globally. This study will be carried out with the view of designing a new system that will take good care of the ineffectiveness that characterized the existing system and automation of the entire process of news editing.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, editor come from the Latin phrase “e ditus’’ which means “to put forward’’. Therefore, News Editing is the process of preparing language, News, for presentation to the audience, through correction, condensation, organization and other modification. A person, who edits, especially professionally or as a hobby, is called an editor.
News editing involves reviewing text written on topical issues, and identifying errors related to the use of language in general or adherence to specific style guide. This activity ensures that News is of good quality. In large media houses, experienced function writers are dedicated to the News editing function.
News sources includes: official records, publication or broadcasts, official in government or business, organizations or corporations, witnesses of crime, accidents or other events, and people involved with or affected by anew event or issue.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
News editing as it regards to the journalism profession is characterized by numerous problems. The problems that characterized the existing system are actually responsible for the fall in the quality of news production and presentation. The problems with the existing system include:
- Reviewing of reports submitted by reports on the field
- Identification of errors in the reports, this includes: grammatical errors, spelling errors, punctuation errors etc.
- Condensation of reports into meaningful and concise piece
- Organization of the reports in an orderly manner for presentation to the audience.
- And other modifications.
1.3 Aim Of The Study
The aim of this study is to design and implement a computer news editing system. Specific objectives are as follows:
- To find out new ways of reviewing reports that are far better than the existing method.
- To seek a way of editing News that will take less time when compared to the former or traditional method, existing system.
- To discover methods of improving the quality of edited piece of news done by the editor.
- To uncover an easier way of correcting the errors commonly found in reports from the field directly.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- What are the methods of improving the quality of edited piece of news done by the editors?
- What are the easier ways of correcting the errors commonly found in reports from the field directly?
- What are the ways of editing News that will take less time when compared to the former or traditional method, existing system?
- What are the new ways of receiving, reports that are far better than the exiting method?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Projects provide a flexible framework for engaging students in exploring curricular topics and developing important 21st century skills, such as communication, teamwork, and technology skills, In addition students are motivated by the fun and creative format and the opportunity to make new friends around the world. For Reporter or news editor, this application will enable quick and easy way of editing there project.
- SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study will cover all the activities and processes that are involved in News Editing from the submission of news reports to the final News editing process. These will further lead to the design and implementation of a blue print for the automation of news editing system (existing system).
1.7 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Usually, every work has some limitations and this study is not exempted.
The two major limitations of this study are the high programming technique as well as financial constraints. The high programming technique constraint in Visual Basic (VB.Net) prevents the researcher to have an in depth study and analysis on the subject matter. While the issue of financial constraint limits the frequency of investigation to/from the institution toward gathering the necessary information relevant for the study.
- DEFINITION OF TERMS
Automation – The use of machines or computers to do work that was previously done by people.
News – information about something or an event that has happened recently.
Editing – The process of preparing a piece of writing by correcting the mistakes, making improvements.
Editor – A person who edits.
Reporter – A person who collects and reports news.
Correspondent – A person who reports news from a particular country or on a particular subject for a newspaper or a television or radio station.