DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

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ABSTRACT

The decree of dissolution of marriage which is defined as the legal separation of man and wife effected by the judgement or decree of a court, and either totally dissolving the marriage relation, or suspending its effect so far as it concerns the cohabitation of the parties.
Dissolution of marriage seems to be on the increase these days, this is due to the fact that people rushed into ill-advised marriages and they decided to rush out of these marriages as soon as they discovered that their marriages are not what they expected. Therefore, no proceedings for dissolution may be
instituted within two years of marriage without leave of court except where divorce proceedings are based on the facts of wilful and persistent refusal to consummate, adultery or the commission of rape, sodomy or bestiality.
The subject matter of this research is to examine the nature and the conditions for dissolution of marriage, the likely problems that tend to follow and prospects. However, the study will further discuss the various types of marriage, validity of customary marriage and statutory marriage, capacity and
formalities of marriage. In carrying out this research, emphasis will be laid on the various grounds for
dissolving statutory marriage under the Matrimonial Causes Decree and the Marriage Act 1970 and customary marriage under the customary law. Also, the differences between dissolution of customary marriage and statutory marriage. But, it should be noted that, it is not the intention of the researcher to see that marriages which are ordained by God and which were hitherto, build on mutual trust and confidence between the parties and their families go asunder. But rather, to discourage spouses on dissolution of their marriages by providing a lasting solution to this, in order for us to have a better society and also to consider the pathetic effect of such on the society, children and family.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
COVER PAGE………………………………………………………………i
CERTIFICATION PAGE…………………………………………………..ii
ABSRACT……………………………………………………………………iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………………………..iv
DEDICATION………………………………………………………………x
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT..…………………………………………………xi
TABLE OF CASES………………………………………………………..xiii
TABLE OF STATUTES……………………………………………………xv
LIST OF ABBREVIATION………………………………………………..xvi
CHAPTER 1
GENERATION INTRODUCTION
1.0.0: INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………1
1.1.0: BACKGROUND TO STUDY……………………………………..4
1.2.0: OBJECTIVES OF STUDY…………………………………………5
1.3.0: FOCUS OF STUDY…………………………………………………6
1.4.0: SCOPE OF STUDY…………………………………………………7
6
1.5.0: METHODOLOGY………………………………………….……….8
1.6.0: LITERATURE REVIEW……………………………………………8
1.7.0: DEFINITION OF TERMS…………………………………………..9
1.8.0: CONCLUSION………………………………………………………10
CHAPTER 2
CONCEPT OF MARRIAGE
2.0.0: INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………12
2.1.0: DEFINTIONS OF MARRIAGE……………………………………14
2.2.0: TYPES OF MARRIAGE……………………………………………15
2.2.1.0: MONOGAMOUS MARRIAGE…………………………………..16
2.2.2.0: POLYGAMOUS MARRIAGE……………………………………17
2.3.0: FORMALITIES FOR MARRIAGE……………………………….19
2.3.1.0: NOTICE OF MARRIAGE……………………………………….19
2.3.2.0: REGISTRAR’S CERTIFICATE…………………………………20
2.3.3.0: SPECIAL LICENCE………………………………………………23
2.4.0: CAPACITY TO MARRIAGE………………………………………24

2.4.1.0: SINGLE STATUS………………………………………………….24
2.4.2.0: INFANCY………………..…………………………………………25
2.4.3.0: AGE…………………………………………………………………26
2.4.4.0: CONSENT ……………….……………………………………………..28
2.5.0: GROUNDS ON WHICH MARRIAGE MAY BE VOID………….30
2.5.1.0: EXISTING LAWFUL MARRIAGE…………………………….30
2.5.2.0: PROHIBITED DEGREE OF AFFINITY OR
CONSANGUINITY……………………………………………………………….32
2.5.3.0: FORMAL INVALIDITY…………………………………………33
2.6.0: GROUNDS ON WHICH MARRIAGE IS VOIDABLE…………34
2.6.1.0: INCAPACITY TO CONSUMMATE MARRIAGE……………35
2.6.2.0:UNSOUNDNESS OF MIND, MENTAL DISORDER AND
EPILEPSY……………………………………………………………………………37
2.6.3.0: VENERAL DISEASE…………………………………………….38
2.7.0: MATRIMONIAL CAUSES JURISDICTION…………………..39
2.8.0: CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………41

CHAPTER 3
DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE
3.0.0: INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………42
3.1.0: BARS TO A PETITION FOR DISSOLUTION OF
MARRIAGE…………………………………………………………………………43
3.1.1.0: CONDONATION………………………………………………..44
3.1.2.0:
CONNIVANCE…………………………………………………………..46
3.1.3.0: COLLUSION………………………………………………………47
3.1.4.0: PETITIONER’S ADULTERY…………………………………48
3.1.5.0: PETITIONER’S DESERTION…………………………………49
3.1.6.0: CONDUCT CONDUCING………………………………………………….49
3.2.0: DISSOLUTION OF STATUTORY MARRIAGE……………….50
3.3.0: GROUNDS FOR DISSOLUTION OF STATUTORY
MARRIAGE…………….………………………………………………………….51
3.3.1.0: WILFUL AND PERSISTENT REFUSAL TO CONSUMATE
MARRIAGE…………………………………………………………………………53
3.3.2.0: ADULTERY AND INTOLERABILITY…………………………55

3.3.3.0: DESERTION………………………………………………………..56
3.4.0: DISSOLUTION OF CUSTOMARY MARRIAGE………………..59
3.5.0: GROUNDS FOR DISSOLUTION OF CUSTOMARY
MARRIAGE…………………………………………………………………………..60
3.5.1.0: GENERAL GROUNDS…………………………………………61
3.5.2.0: STATUTORY GROUNDS………………………………………62
3.6.0:DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DISSOLUTION OF CUSTOMARY
MARRIAGE AND STATUTORY MARRIAGE…………………63
3.7.0: CONCLUSION…………………………………………………….65
CHAPTER 4
PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE
4.0.0: INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………66
4.1.0: GENERAL PROBLEMS OF DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE..67
4.1.1.0: FINANCIAL PROBLEM…………………………………………68
4.1.2.0: PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEM…………………………………69
4.1.3.0: LACK OF PROPER MAINTENANCE…………………………71

4.1.4.0: SETTLEMENT OF PROPERTY…………………………………74
4.1.5.0: CUSTODY OF CHILDREN………………………………………77
4.3.0: CONCLUSION………………………………………………………..80
CHAPTER 5
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.0.0: CONCLUSION………………………………………………………82
5.1.0: RECOMMENDATION……………………………………………..86
BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………………………….91
ARTICLES ON INTERNET………………………………………………………………91
BOOKS………………………………………………………………………………………………92

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