OIL EXPLORATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN RIVERS STATE: A STUDY OF OGONILAND

ABSTRACT The study examines the oil exploration and environmental degradation in Rivers State, with particular reference to Ogoniland. The resultant effect of MNCs activities has destroyed underground water, farmland, and fresh water ecosystem, killing animals and endangering human life. The unfortunate part of it all is that the Nigerian state has pitched its support with the MNCs and tries to use the instrument of force and coercion to bring the oil bearing communities to submission and acquiescence. The research work was carried out to interrogate the following research questions. Does poor implementation of government policy…

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THE ENFORCEMENT OF ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRIMES LAWS AND THE REDUCTION OF ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRIMES IN NIGERIA: A FOCUS ON ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRIMES COMMISSION (EFCC)

Abstract Corruption is recognized as the bane of the Nigerian society as it undermines governance. The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) was established to mitigate the menace of economic and financial crimes in Nigeria. This was informed by the upsurge of corruption by government officials and the need to enthrone probity in governance in the country. This study therefore appraises the performance of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission in reducing corruption in Nigeria. It examines the impact of immunity of public officeholders and the arrests and prosecution of corrupt government officials on the…

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IDEOLOGY AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN 21ST CENTURY NIGERIA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Abstract Nigerian politics seems to be gravitating towards a two dominant party system, as is the case in the United States of America. Between November 26, 2013, when the five Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) governors defected to the newly registered All Progressive Congress (APC), and May 29, 2015, eventual triumph of the former opposition party, the APC, there was a dramatic change in party membership and tendency towards a two dominant party system. Having adopted the U.S. form of democracy, it was expected that their system would be an example which the emerging Nigerian two…

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THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY (NEEDS) AND SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA, 2003 – 2014

ABSTRACT The National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS) was initiated and implemented under Olusegun Obasanjo administration to strengthen the entire sectors of the Nigerian economy. This study therefore, critically evaluates the impact of the NEEDS on sustainable human development in Nigeria between 2003 and 2014. Using the Marxist instrumentalist theory as a theoretical framework of analysis and adopting the secondary source of data collection which includes books, scholarly journals, pamphlets, monographs, newspapers, magazine and government documents .The one-shot ex-post facto design and qualitative-descriptive of documented evidence was used as a method of data analysis.…

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ELECTIONS AND REPRESENTATIVE RULE IN AFRICA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NIGERIA’S 2007 AND GHANA’S 2008 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

ABSTRACT There are different conceptions of democracy and their diverse practices produce a similarly varied set of effects. The specific form democracy takes is contingent upon a country’s socioeconomic conditions or social production relations as well as its entrenched state structures and policy practices. “Classical” democracies presumed decision making based on direct participation. The assembled citizenry was expected to agree on a common course of action after listening to the alternatives and weighing their respective merits and demerits. Democracy or liberal democracy has been described as government by persons freely chosen by the governed who hold…

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IMPACT OF LEASING GAS SECTOR MANAGEMENT ON NIGERIA’S EXTERNAL RELATIONS, 2000 -2013

  ABSTRACT Energy is one of the few issues in today’s international system which bring about economic ties between states and, also, with a distinct possibility to incite conflict between major powers. Natural gas is one of the most important sources of energy today. Nigeria is the ninth highest gas exporter in the world, and has the world’s seventh largest gas deposits, with 187 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of proven reserves. Despite this potential, the level of gas production and utilization by the international oil companies (IOCs), in the country for both domestic and industrial…

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THE BUSH DOCTRINE AND THE US MISSILE DEFENCE SHIEELD IN EASTERN EUROPE: IMPLICATIONS FOR IRAN ANS US MILITARY RESOURCES.

ABSTRACT This study sets out to investigate the Bush Doctrine and the US Missile Defence shield in Eastern Europe, with the central objective of exploring its implications for Iran. To achieve the objective of this study, two research questions and two hypotheses were raised. To substantiate the claims made in this study, we anchored analysis on the theoretical framework of political realism. This is because the Bush Doctrine which advocates preemptive strike, unilateralism and global spread democracy is a pure demonstration of military strength. Our research design was experimental and ex post facto. The choice…

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THE NEW PENSION SCHEME AND WORKERS PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES: A CASE STUDY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA.(2004-DATE)

ABSTRACT Determined to solve the numerous problems that are associated with the unfunded defined pension system in the country, the federal government of Nigeria in June 2004 carried out a range of comprehensive and fundamental reform in the system of pension and gratuity management and administration as a formidable measure aimed at alleviating the pains and suffering of the retired elder statesmen in the country; whom after rendering patriotic services to their fatherland waits endlessly for their pension and gratuity emoluments to be paid. Consequent upon which staffs and workers of pensionable jobs usually either…

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UNITED STATES POLICY OF PREEMPTION AND SECURITY IN THE MIDDLE EAST 1999-2014

ABSTRACT The infamous attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, by Osama Bin Laden Led Al Qaeda network marked a turning point in the relationship between the United States and the Middle East Islamic world. This watershed event led to the United States policy of preemption and the subsequent U.S invasion of Afghanistan (where Al Qaeda organization was harboured by Taliban regime) and the subsequent unjustifiable invasion of Iraq. The argument that the united state policy of preemption would ensure security in Middle East and stop subsequent attacks on America and its allies…

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ASSOCIATED GAS FLARING AND RE-INJECTION POLICY MAKING AND IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIA (1960-2010)

ABSTRACT A number of oil-producing countries in the World (Norway, Britain, Venezuela, Canada, Brazil, etc) have successfully implemented regulatory policies and put in place gas reinjection technologies to curb gas flaring and venting in their offshore/onshore oil fields. Conversely, since 1969 Nigeria has been battling with same gas flaring and venting regulatory regimes without success. This study therefore examines the adequacy of consultancy and utilization of indigenous science and technology expert advice in the making and implementation of the Associated Gas Re-injection Policy in Nigeria. The study raised one major research question viz: Is the…

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