The study investigated the link between U.S AID and politics of regime change in Libya. It also explores the strategic interest of the west in Libya and its reliance on the instrumentality of NATO to drive the interest of US foreign policy. This study focused on the uprising that took place in Libya in 2011. In exploring the perimeters to which sovereignty can be exercised in interstate raised conflicts, the study also investigated how changing political realities and international norms enabled external interventions that were previously unthinkable. The methodology underpinning the research is essentially descriptive, thus, deductive logical content analysis is employed. The power theory was used as our framework of analyzing the championing of the NATO allied forces Aid interventionist mission in Libya. That to the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi under the aegis of responsibility to protect however the manner of the engagement by US and NATO led external forces in the fight for regime change in Libya leaves much to be desired. We argue that NATO’s military intervention in Libya occasioned specific violations of UN resolution 1973 in Libya, especially the “Responsibility to protect” mandate. NATO armed anti- Gaddafi rebels and conducted series of indiscrimate airstrikes which resulted the cataclysmic decimate of several lives and property. The study recommended that UN except in proven cases of genocide should avoid the employment of force in the settlement of internal dispute. This will encourage parties to the dispute to employ diplomacy and dialogue rather than violence with the hope of attracting humanitarian Aid intervention of powerful states. Also the United Nations should equally rise up to the challenges of international security so as not give room for some western countries who hide under the pretext of implementing UN resolutions, to pursue their private and most times selfish economic and political interests. Our conclusion was also anchored on the findings of the study.
1.1 Background of the study
After the end of the Cold War, which wretched serious damaged to humanities, there has been an increasing demand and justification for external military interventions in certain territories like Northern Iraq, East Timor, Burma. The rationale for the external military intervention was anchored on the need to protect citizens from the dictatorial tendencies of the government. Which exposed the former to mass death and untold sufferings. This idea necessitated military intervention in Burma, East Timor and Northern Iraq. There have also been situations in Rwanda and Bosnia, Ivory Coast and other part of Africa and world in which there were strong cases for such aid or humanitarian intervention, but either no actions followed or any action taken was too little and too late.
However the history of Libya under Gaddafi spanned a period of over four decades from 1969 to 2011. Gaddafi become the de facto leader of the country on 1st September 1969 after leading a group of Libyan military officers against king Idris in a bloodless coup d’état. After the king had fled the country, the Libyan revolutionary command council (RCC) headed by Gaddafi abolished the monarchy and the old constitution and proclaimed the new Libyan African Republic with motto freedom, socialism, and unity (Global, Edge, 2011).