THE STATE AND THE CONTROL OF TRANS-BORDER HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA, 2003 – 2012

ABSTRACT Nigeria has the unenviable reputation of being among global leaders in the infamous trafficking in humans. Consequently, the Obasanjo administration that came into power in 1999 ratified the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons in 2001 and further enacted the “NAPTIP Act 2003” as the national framework for combating the crime. In spite of these initiatives, human trafficking remains a critical problem in Nigeria. Extant studies attributed the phenomenon to such factors as corruption, adversarial criminal justice system and poor funding among others. There has been little attempt at systematization…

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THE UNITED STATES AND THE COLLAPSE OF GADDAFI REGIME

ABSTRACT The uprising and revolt against authoritarian leaders in the Middle East and North Africa spearheaded and inspired protests among Libyans demanding for greater freedom which led to the collapse and overthrown of Gaddafi’s 42 year regime. The U.S. – NATO led military and humanitarian involvement and campaign gave much support to the rebel fighters and the NTC. This study x-rays the role(s) played by U.S in the Libyan revolution, and how it led to the demise of Gaddafi’s regime. To achieve the objective of this study, we raised the following research questions. Firstly, what…

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ELECTION MANAGEMENT BODIES AND ELECTORAL ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA AND GHANA, 2003-2012

ABSTRACT This study compares the election management bodies and electoral administration in Nigeria and Ghana, between 2003 and 2012. Utilizing the Marxist theory of the state, ex-post-facto research design, unstructured elite interview, qualitative method of data collection and qualitative descriptive analysis, the study investigates the link between the nature of the framework for the conduct of elections and electoral violence; the limited autonomy of election management bodies and organizational lapses in the electoral process; and the election management bodies’ operational political environment and their performance in electoral administration. The study found the nature of the…

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EXTERNAL DEBT AND CRISIS OF DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: NIGERIAN EXPERIENCE 1999-2007

ABSTRACT The study sets out to interrogate the relationships between external debt and crisis of development in Africa within the period 1999-2007 in Nigeria. The aim of the research was to provide a framework that explains the effect of external debt on national development. The theory of post colonial state was adopted as the analytical framework to demonstrate that Nigeria has followed a developmental strategy dictated by the interest of the imperialists and their local allies among the indigenous population. The method of data collection used was the secondary sources of data. Three hypothesis tested…

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AN ANALYSIS OF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS BETWEEN NIGERIA AND EUROPEAN UNION, 1999 – 2010

ABSTRACT The work set out to investigate the impact of the European Union (EU) on Nigeria’s diplomatic relations (1999-2010) in terms of their trade Balance While observing that Nigeria has unfavorable trade access to the European Union Market (1999-2010), hence the hypothesis that the trade balance existing between Nigeria and European Union is unfavourable to Nigeria.The theory of complex interdependence was used as our framework for analyzing the European Union (EU) and Nigeria’s relations in terms of trade cooperation. The study made use of the observation method of secondary source of data collection, such as…

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THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF OIL THEFT AND PIPELINE VANDALISM IN NIGER DELTA, 2000-2015

ABSTRACT This study examined the political economy of oil theft and pipeline vandalism in the Niger Delta, which has negatively impacted on the Nigerian economy. This is because the Nigerian State solely depends on oil generated revenues for her economic survival. The aim of this study is to critically examine the methods, actors, causes, impacts of oil theft and the measures adopted by the Nigerian government to combat oil theft. Secondary data were generated for the study, while content analysis was used for data interpretation and analysis. The study revealed that different individuals and groups…

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NIGERIA-ISRAELI ECONOMIC RELATIONS: (1992-2010)

ABSTRACT The research work examines the economic relations of Israel and Nigeria from 1992 to 2010. In order to ensure an in-depth comprehension of this relationship, in this study, Nigeria’s foreign policy towards Israel relating to foreign investment, bilateral trade, foreign Aid and diplomatic interactions, were reviewed. Undoubtedly, Nigeria’s foreign policy towards Israel was seldom subjected to referendum or public hearing to arrive at a peoples’ oriented resolution and adoption of the most domestically viable policy; rather, it was predominantly influenced by the diametrically opposed interests among the foreign policy elites along the lines of…

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PROBLEMS OF ECONOMIC PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT UNDER PRESIDENT GOODLUCK JONATHAN

ABSTRACT The Nigerian economy is largely dependent on crude oil and the believe that the revenue generated from the crude oil export will be reinvested to develop the other important sectors of the economy. The president Goodluck Jonathan adopted the neo-liberal economic policies to achieve his aims of revitalizing Nigerian economy. Thus, this study is structured to expose the role of the Nigerian state in enhancing capitalism. The crux of the matter is that the few ruling class in Nigeria exploit, dominate, and control the resources to the detriment of the majority poor masses who…

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IMPLEMENTATION OF EDUCATION SECTOR REFORMS AND THE DELIVERY OF QUALITY EDUCATION IN ENUGU STATE NIGERIA, 2011-2014

ABSTRACT The study evaluated the impact of education sector reforms on the quality of education in Nigeria, with a focus on Enugu State between 2011 and 2014. Specifically, the study investigated the link between the implementation of special intervention programmes under education sector reforms and enrolment of pupils in primary and junior secondary schools in Enugu State. The study relied on the conceptual propositions deriving from the Marxian instrumentalist theory. Based on primary and secondary data generated through the use of unstructured interview and qualitative method, and analyzed using quantitative and qualitative descriptive analysis, the…

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FRUSTRATION/AGGRESSION THEORY AND NIGER DELTA MILITANCY, 1999-2015

ABSTRACT The dynamics and manifestation of Niger-Delta militancy is rooted in long years of neglect marginalization, poverty and underdevelopment of the region by the Nigerian state and Multi-National-Corporations. Therefore this study interrogated the nexus between frustration/aggression theory and militancy in the Niger-Delta. It noted like in previous studies that frustration over long years of misery, poverty, unemployment, environmental pollution in the Niger-Delta transmogrified into aggression in the form of kidnapping, piracy, destruction of oil installations among others by youth of the region. However, the study went beyond examining frustration/ aggression theory as an explanatory tool…

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