COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN IHEOWERE, NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE, 2012-2014

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ABSTRACT


This project report studied community participation and rural development in Nigeria, from
2012- 2014. The study has both broad and specific objectives. The broad objective is to
determine whether communities in Nsukka local government area participated effectively in
community rural development. The specific objectives are as follows: (i) To ascertain the extent
of community participation in community development in Ihe-Owere. (ii) To determine whether
the problem of inadequate funding hinder Ihe-Owere community from participating actively in
the development of their area. The human development theory was employed as the theoretical
framework of analysis. The research design used is theshort case study (XO), cause and effect,
dependent and independent variable relationships.
Random sampling technique was used to
choose two hundred men and womenfor the study.
The research used both qualitative and
quantitative method of data collection. Basically, primary data was used for the study. The
primary data was collected through the use of direct observation, oral interview, and
administration of well-structured two hundred questionnaires.The study utilized percentages,
tables and figures to test and analyze the data collected. The major finding of the study includes;
Ihe-Owere community has not participated effectively in rural development of their area.
Inadequate funding is found to be one of the problems that hindered active participation cum
proper development in Ihe-Owere, Nsukka LGA. Hence, we recommended among others that,
the community must be empowered economically by the government and should be given an
opportunity to identify its own problem, design its own solutions, implement the solutions and
monitor and evaluate every activity on an ongoing basis without undue interference of any sort.

CHAPTER ONE
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
According to Nnoli (1993), the Nigeria economic and socio-political development,
especially at the grassroots and community levels has reached a dead end, precisely because it is
not built around the people. Even the government established agencies, as well as foreign donors
and non-governmental organizations who took part in the implementation of the programmes
have come to realize that the development vision, programmes and strategies pursued, ended up
being inappropriate and even irrelevant to the real need of the vast majority of the people (Yusif,
2008).
Perhaps, that is why the Agricultural development programmes funded by the World
Bank, such as water, electricity, roads and health, among others in Nsukka LGA of Enugu state
could not yield a fruitful result. A critical analysis of the above mentioned projects show that
they contributed little to the welfare of the bulk of small peasant communities in Nsukka LGA.
In the recent endeavor to overcome the problems of the community will enhance success in
promoting rural development through community active participation becomes very imperative
since it is the community that knows the basic needs of the people and what possibly need to be
done and how to overcome such problems. These include those of poverty reduction,
empowerment, provision of motor able roads, clean and portable drinking water, rural electricity
among other basic needs such as health related programmes and sanitation.

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