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ABSTRACT


Trans-border co-operation in the mitigation of maritime insecurity has remained a veritable and
time-honoured measure for the control of illicit maritime activities the world over. Essentially,
this is because of the trans-boundary character of such criminal activities. The resource-laden
Gulf of Guinea region has remained largely under-utilized because of the high incidence of
piracy, sea banditry and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing within the maritime
domain. This study pursued twofold objectives. First, it investigated the interface between the
repressive measures adopted in the
Yaoundé Code of Conduct of June 25, 2013 and the rising
spate of piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Guinea. Second, it examined the role of
weak institutional and infrastructural capabilities of the Signatories to the
Yaoundé Code of
Conduct
of June 2013 in the control of IUU fishing in the Gulf of Guinea. The study employed
the qualitative method of data collection and the qualitative descriptive method of data analysis.
The single case
ex-post-facto research design was used to demonstrate structural causality in the
relationship between the independent and dependent variables. Utilizing the Marxist Political
Economy paradigm, the study found that the repressive measures adopted in the
Yaoundé Code
of Conduct
of June 25, 2013 were implicated in the rising spate of piracy and armed robbery at
sea within the region. Second, the study concluded that the weak institutional and infrastructural
capabilities of the Signatories to the
Yaoundé Code of Conduct of 2013 undermined the effective
control of IUU fishing in the convention area. Consequently, it recommended that the key
stakeholders, especially the Signatories to the
Code of Conduct of 2013, ECOWAS, ECCAS,
GGC, among others should fashion and implement an all-inclusive security policy that would
address the structural and economic disarticulation in these littoral states which accounted for the
origin and sustainment of the illicit maritime activities.

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