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Abstract


The bulk majority of the tax evasion and tax avoidance is caused by inadequate machineries and
lack of skilled personal in administrative tax bodies as well as the legal framework upon which
their relationship rest. This result in many problems of the tax collection in Nigeria. It is in this
regard that the topic of this dissertation entitled “A Legal Examination of the Role of Taxation in
Revenue Generation and Economic Development in Nigeria” was chosen. This study is to
present, explore and analyze the nature and extent of tax legal provisions relating to the role of
taxation in revenue generation and economic development in Nigeria. It will also present how
they are maintained, practiced, adhered to and suggest some ways and means of improving the
present state of affairs. The study is composed of five Chapters. Thus, Chapter one dealt with the
General Introduction, Background, Statement of Problems, Aims and Objectives, Scope of the
study, Significance of the study, Research Methodology, Literature Review and Organizational
layout. Chapter two discussed on Examination of Taxing power in the Federal Republic of
Nigeria under the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (As amended), and the
brief history of Income Taxation in Nigeria. Chapter three is the bedrock of the whole work that
discussed the role of taxation in the economic development of Nigeria with its legal perspectives.
Chapter four discussed on significance of Taxation in Nigeria; Nigerian Economic Situation and
Tax as incentive for economic growth. Chapter five which is the last chapter discussed on
Summery, Findings and Recommendations that my hopefully be help in solving the problems.

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Table of Contents
Title page – – – – – – – – – – i
Declaration – – – – – – – – – – ii
Certification – – – – – – – – – – iii
Dedication – – – – – – – – – – iv
Acknowledgment – – – – – – – – – v
Table of Cases – – – – – – – – – vi
Table of Statutes – – – – – – – – vii
List of Abbreviation – – – – – – – – – vii
Table of Contents – – – – – – – – – x
Abstract – – – – – – – – – – xiii
CHAPTER ONE
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study – – – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of Problem – – – – – – – – 3
1.3 Aims and Objective of Study – – – – – – 4
1.4 Scope of the Study – – – – – – – – 5
1.5 Significance of the Study – – – – – – – 6
1.6 Research Methodology – – – – – – – 6
1.7 Literature Review – – – – – – – – 6
1.8 Organization Layout – – – – – – – – 11

CHAPTER TWO
EXAMINATION OF TAXING POWERS IN THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA
UNDER THE 1999 CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA (AS
AMENDED)
2.1 Taxing powers of the Federal Republic of Nigeria under the 1999 Constitution of the

Federal Republic of Nigeria (As amended) 13
2.2 Brief History of Income Taxation in Nigeria 18
2.3 Definition of Tax 22
2.3.1 Definition of Income 23

2.3.2 Distinction between “Income” and “Capital” – – – – 29
2.3.3 Definition of Income for Tax Purpose – – – – – 30
2.4 Purpose and Function of Taxation – – – – – – 33
2.5 Imposition of Taxation in Nigeria – – – – – – 35
CHAPTER THREE
ANALYSIS OF INCOME TAX AND REVENUE GENERATION IN NIGERIA
3.1 Income Tax and Revenue Generation in Nigeria – – – – 42
3.2 Role of Taxation in the economic Development of Nigeria – – – 45
3.3 Raising of Revenue for Government Services – – – – 49
3.3.1 Recurrent Expenditure – – – – – – – 49
3.3.2 Capital Expenditure – – – – – – – – 49
3.4 Distribution of Income – – – – – – – 50
3.5 Economic Revitalization – – – – – – – 54

CHAPTER FOUR
SIGNIFICANCE OF TAXATION IN NIGERIA
4.1 Nigerian Economic situation – – – – – – – 56
4.2 Taxation as a tool for Economic Growth – – – – – 60
4.3 Tax as incentive for Economic Growth – – – – – 61
4.4 Effects of Fiscal Policies on Economic Development – – – 67
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary – – – – – – – – – 71
5.2 Findings – – – – – – – – – 72
5.3 Recommendations – – – – – – – – 73
5.4 Conclusion – – – – – – – – – 74
Bibliography – – – – – – – – – 76

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