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ABSTRACT


This research examined the concept of collective security under international law and
specifically examined the basis of the existence of such arrangements, the challenges and
problems facing them and also proffered solutions to identified problems by way of
recommendations at the end of the research. The doctrinal method of research was used to
analyze the concept of collective security under international law generally with particular
reference to the West African region. Some relevant literatures on collective security under
international law were relied upon in the appraisal of the concept, starting from its
historical evolution with the formation of the League of Nations to the United Nations
(UN) and later regional arrangements like the Economic Community of West African
States (ECOWAS). Some of the challenges and problems facing the various collective
security arrangements locally and globally identified include, lack of funds to facilitate
activities like peacekeeping operations and humanitarian aid, fighting environmental
challenges like floods and earthquakes. Political military and legal challenges were also
identified in the research. On the whole it was found out that the concept of collective
security is a vital one to the development of peace and security at all levels. And in view of
the challenges and problems identified it was therefore recommended that collective
security arrangements should endeavour to intervene promptly in crisis of member states.
Considering the slow response of the United Nations Security Council in crises of some
member states we recommend the creation of a new organ with no permanent members, but
representatives of all continents on rotational basis; and that among other things Economic
Community of West African States (ECOWAS) should enhance its border security to
reduce illegal migrations and proliferation of arms that contribute immensely to the acts of
terrorism.

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