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This dissertation entitled “An Appraisal of the Development of Legal Framework of Crimes
against Humanity in International Law” aimed at examining the various constitutive legal
instruments on the field of crimes against humanity in international law vis-à-vis the obligation
of states to take practical measures to endure respect for the performance of such obligations
under the various constitutive legal instruments. However, the justification for this research is
that despite the fact that the term “crimes against humanity” has acquired enormous resonance
in the legal and moral imaginations of the post-World War II which suggested that crimes
against humanity are offences that aggrieved not only the victims and their own communities,
but all human beings regardless of the community because such violate the very essence of the
existence of humanity. Yet while the law limped lamely, the crime against humanity flourishes as
if there is no law in existence, particularly of recent where there is an increase in violence at
both local and international levels. For example, according to some estimates, nearly 170
million civilians have been subjected to genocide, war crimes and Crimes Against Humanity in
the 21
st century. In view of these events therefore the objective of this research is to identify the
factors responsible for the prevalence of such crimes and to proffer solutions to the lapses
identified (if any). In conclusion, it is recommended (among others) that there is the need for a
specific international treaty on crimes against humanity which will provide a comprehensive
definition of crimes against humanity; and by so doing it will harmonized constitutive elements
of each of the crimes against humanity and promote greater certainty and uniformity in the
development of the jurisprudence of the law of crimes against humanity. The sources of
information relied upon here are relevant text materials, international instruments, domestic
instruments, judicial authorities and internet materials



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