Design and implementation of mobile farm product information system using android application

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study
Farm product information system is a whole farm management system, which
aims to deliver more sustainable agriculture. It is dynamic approach which can be applied to any farming system around the world. It involve attention to detail and continuous improvement in all areas of a farming business through informed management processes, integrated farming combines the best of modern tools and technologies with traditional practices according to given site and situation. In simple words, it means using many ways of cultivation in a small space or land
This study is based on mobile farm product information system” a case study of Obasanjo farm. Once more the direction intention of this project is to computerize mobile farm management information system has been operated manually. Management information system in this organization was essentially operated with a great deal of human efforts, and in fact the activities of the organization in this system is less challenging, less complex and hence organizations do this extents small sized. Management information systems remain the system that aim at providing information for the management on a regular basis. This call to mind the time value of information which implies that when the required information is received behind the period it will be used, the information become useless. MIS dries to inform the manager how to provide the information.

Management always aim at reading the climax in the decision performance fort attainment of organizational objective but this existing system could not attract such performance due to the lack of effective information tool which can provide the management with quality and needed information and at needed time. These systems always result to information over local which actually decreases the decision performance in any management. Information they say is power. Quality information is very vital do check in organization. The only information that can accelerate the management decision performance is the information that process the good quality of information. Such quality of information comprises:
(1) Relevance
(2) Accuracy
(3) Completeness
(4) Reliability
(5) Timeliness

Despite these qualities management cannot achieve their objectives. The decision performance also depends on the manager himself. The manager must be able to identify problem, define the problem, analyze it and suggest a possible solution to the problem. And for manager to do these, he must be backup with information required.

Due to the show mentioned faults and errors associated with the existing system of management information an alternative system is suggested which a computerized system is.
The technology have created an interesting opportunities for all managers and as the technology is growing the researcher demand it necessary to let the blowing wind reach the farm managers (Obasanjo Farm Managers) in their management information system. Software is developed to replace this manual operation of management. This form of software is an expert system.

Computerized mobile farm product information system is a software package that contains a lot of files and records the file that was designed in detail is a sales file which each of its record consist of files like varieties of livestock, quantity, price, weight, subtotal, total amount grand total etc.

1.1 Background Of Study
Chief OlusegunObasanjo is not only a retired army officer, former head of state and politician; he is also a successful farmer. He owns Ota Farm, which is also called Obasanjo Farms. The large farm was formally opened on October 8, 1979, a week after Obasanjo handed over power to a civilian administration on October 1, 1979.
At inception, the farm took off as Temperance Enterprises Limited (Farming Venture). It laterbecame Obasanjo Farms Nigeria Limited. Obasanjo Farms indeed took off in grand style, indication that Nigeria’s former president meant serious business. This probably accounts for the growth, expansion, sustainability and consolidation witnessed in the evolution of the farm, considering how it started and where it is now.
The farm took off with two layer houses containing 100, 000 birds each and five broilerhouses of 12,000 each, in addition to two feed mills of three tons per hour each. The large farm, which has up to 7,000 workers started with four bulldozer operators. Today, Obasanjo makes upto N34million daily from Ota Farm, which has branches in Ibadan and Igbo-Ora, Oyo State. Thisis no small earning for the former president whose farm has played a significant role in the development of agriculture and food production.
Obasanjo also uses the farm complex at the Agbe L’ Oba House, Ota, and theOgun State headquarters of the farm, to hold political and diplomatic meetings.
According to greenhealthyfarm.com, farmers business community says Obasanjo farm otta Nigeria limited ogun State majorly specialize in production of agro-based products and agro-allied groups which include: Table egg, hatchery services, chicken (broiler, grower, layers, day old chicks), plantation agriculture, piggery, commercial and parent stock poultry farm, cattle production (beef and dairy), grass cutter, fish production (fingerlins and juveniles ) and they have well equipped animal processing unit with facilities ranging from cold storage facility, animal feeds processing unit t0 Oil palm production.
Since the year 1070, obasanjo farm, as pioneered an integrated mechanized farming in Nigeria as of means of sustaining our fast growth population.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
It is very unfortunate that the technology potentials has not been fully or even adequately realized in the field of farm product information system. Very little farm managers has grabbed this powerful it opportunities. This has put managers and researchers behind. Some of the problems militating against high decision performance and achievement of management goals are as follows:
– Lack of quality information tool.
– Lack of specialist in the field.Lack of technical – known how.
– Lack of sufficient fund
– Poor service render by the government
– Poor perception of economic benefit.
– Management decline
– Immobility etc.
1.3 Aims Of The Study
The aim of this project work is to design and implement of mobile farm product information system using andriod application for Obasanjo farm.
Obasanjo farm majorly specialize in production of agro-based product and agro-allied groups which are:
Table Egg, Hatchery Services, Chickens (broilers, layers,growers, day old chick), plantation agriculture, piggery, commercial and parent stock poultry farm, cattle production (beef and dairy), grass cutter, rabbit and fish production (fingerlins and javeniles). Well-equipped animal production unit with facilities ranging from cold storage facilities, animal feed production unit to oil pal production
1.4 Objectives Of The Study
The objective that led to this research work is basically to expose the Nigeria farmers in general and especially OBASANJO FARM farmer manager with the effective, efficient, accurate and timely form of management information system. That is to replace manual MIS with computerized MIS. The researcher hope to achieve the following after this research thus
– To equip all the manage with quality information on regular basis.
– To eliminate the steady decline in the management.
– To automate all the activities of mobile farm product information system.
– To accelerate decision performance
– To design an expert system.

1.5 Significance Of The Study
In the event of the above mentioned faults and errors discovered in the manual system. It is believed that the introduction of a computerized system of MIS will change the whole thing positively. It will totally eliminate the inherent problem which will in turn bring about immense cash value to Obasanjo farmand to all farm managers in Nigeria.

It will definitely expose and enlighten the staff and managers of farm in Obasanjo farm on what they supposed to know about their management. In addition, it will bring about more noticeable contribution and improvements to both the headquarters and other branches nationwide to be able to defined their problems and find out large on the favourable side.

Through the researcher restricted the study to Obasanjo farm, the result of the findings will let of immense benefits to all Nigeria farm managers and as well to students conducting similar research work on the same or related topics.

1.6 Scope Of The Study
In the study of this nature, one would like to accumulate information from many areas, But, in the view of the time given for this research such a wide range could not be reached. The researcher therefore, concentrated on the sales management information of livestock in obasanjo far. The choice of sales MIS was due to the time factor.

1.7 Definition Of Terms
Terms associated to this topic are to be defined below. Thus.
(1)Boar -This male pig that has grown to a point that can pregnant a sow.
Confine System – This is type of management system that does not interact with the system’s environment. The pigs under this system are controlled they are not expose to the environment, their feeding and all management are controlled by a prison or persons.
(2) Computer – A machine used in modern times in organization and homes do manipulate data.
(3) Data – Is a row fact that has no meaning.
(4) Database – A collection of interrelated data stared with controlled redundancy to serve one or more application.
(5) Information – Information is a data that has been evaluated. It is a processed data.
(6) Information Overload – A situation which the sheer amount of information in an system is simply too great to be coped with by the information management available. It is overflow of information which slow down decision performance.
Information system- A systematic way of organizing the handling of information, from information gathering to information retrieval and use.
(7)Management – The process of procuring, allocating, combing and utilizing or organizational resources expressed usually as 3ms (men, materials and money) through planning organizing directing and controlling activities of work of the organization member to reach certain stated objectives.
(8) Management Information System – Mis is an integrated and holistic reporting network system in an organization that provides planning and controlling information for effective decision making.
(9) Mobility – This ability of information to move from one point to another, from one person to another easily and timely.
Open System – Thisis a system that interacts with its environments. The pigs reared in this system are always expose to the environment, its feeding and every other thing about the management is not controlled
(10) Pucker – A pig at the slaughter stage.
(11) Piglet – Young pigs. That is the earlier first stage of pigs.
(12) System – It is a collection of interrelated and interdependent procedures that are joined together to perform an activity or a task.
(13) Software – The programs that control the computer operation the system programme controls the hardware component of computer which application program controls task performed by computer.
(14) Sow – The female pig.

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