Design and implementation of computerized drug verification and management system

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background Of The Study
Drug reporting and verification establishments like NAFDAC (National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control), require efficient and brilliant technique and flexible system for proper drug management. Their main objective is to ensure every fake drugs producing company are eliminated in Nigeria. In recent years, there has been a rapid growth in fake drugs incident which as claim a lot of lives in the country, this predicament has created the need to build an application that will address most of the issues address in this research work. This research work will be of paramount importance to these sectors as it will be design to address most of their challenges.
Drug reporting and verification Software easily automates the whole process of drug verification and reporting. Drugs Pharmaceutical Company are register on the system and verification code are generated for each drug production. System users are created by the system admin where each staff is able to login in with the provided authorization and manage his/her account. The system which will be made available to the general public provides a window in which users could type in a drug code to verify the authenticity of that drug. The admin has the sole authority over the system.
1.2 Problem Of The Study
This research work was undertaken to uncover some of the problems with conventional drug reporting and verification systems. Here, agents of NAFDAC and other drug enforcement agency find it quite difficult to access register pharmaceutical companies. Using these conventional method pose lots of constraint on team member as no team member can access files on the office database while at field work also reports has to be file at the office.
1.3 Aim Of The Study
The aim of this study is to design and implementation of a computerized drug verification and management system for national agency for food and drug administration and control [NAFDAC])
1.4 Objective Of The Study
In view of the problems mentioned above, this project is aimed at implementing a drug reporting and verification system which will exclusively:
• Register every drug produce by every pharmaceutical company in Nigeria
• Produce and register drugs verification code
• Register pharmaceutical all company in Nigeria with each respective trade mark,
• Efficiently handling of fake drug report files and automate the process of drug authentication using appreciate channel.
1.6 Significance Of The Study
This research work will provide a more reliable and flexible way of drugs verification and report filing of fake drugs as well as fake pharmaceutical company not authorize to produce and distribute drug in Nigeria. Also eliminate the lag time in file recovery with an inclusion of an asynchronous request incorporated on the system. Furthermore, it will aids structural document, representation and eliminates the tedium of performing monotonous transaction. This research will also contribute to existing literature in this area and will serve as a guild or blueprint for an undergraduate student.
1.7 Scope And Limitation Of Study
This research work is to develop a system capable of handling all Drugs agencies in Nigeria such as verification and reporting of fake drugs, drugs confirmation code using secure channel, drug enforcement agent .The system will also incorporate in its design a feedback layout between for drug confirmation.
The system will not incorporate in its development all the functions of a drug verification and reporting system but will focus only on the aforementioned functionalities. The system will not be responsible for any loss of data if its environment (network/system installed on) is corrupt.
1.8 Definition Of Terms
Drug: a medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body
Drug verification: Drug verification is at the heart of most pharma serialization regulations. It is the point at which someone in the supply chain or a patient uses the unique identifier on the drug package to determine that the drug is probably authentic, or definitely is not.
Management: Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body. Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its employees (or of volunteers) to accomplish its objectives through the application of available resources, such as financial, natural, technological, and human resources. The term “management” may also refer to those people who manage an organization.
Management System: A management system is the framework of policies, processes and procedures used to ensure that an organization can fulfill all tasks required to achieve its objectives. For instance, an environmental management system enables organizations to improve their environmental performance through a process of continuous improvement. An oversimplification is “Plan, Do, Check, Act”.
HTML CODE: – HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is a type of computer language that is primarily used for files that are posted on the internet and viewed by web browsers. HTML files can also be sent via email.

Markup language: – A markup language is a combination of words and symbols which give instructions on how a document should appear. For example, a tag may indicate that words are written in italics or bold type.

Web browser: -A Web browser is a software program that interprets the coding language of the World Wide Web in graphic form, displaying the translation rather than the coding. This allows anyone to “browse the Web” by simple point and click navigation, bypassing the need to know commands used in software languages.

File extension: – A file extension is the suffix at the end of a filename that tells a computer, and the computer user, which program is needed to open the file. Also called a filename extension, this suffix preceded by at least one period, is generally one to five characters long but the norm is usually three characters in length.

Email: – Email, also sometimes written as e-mail, is simply the shortened form of electronic mail, a protocol for receiving, sending, and storing electronic messages. Email has gained popularity with the spread of the Internet. In many cases, email has become the preferred method of communication.

TCP/IP: – This often used but little understood set of operations stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. TCP/IP is the combination of the two and describes the set of protocols that allows hosts to connect to the Internet. In actuality, TCP/IP is a combination of “more than those two protocols, but the TCP and IP parts of TCP/IP are the main ones and the only ones to become part of the acronym that describes the operations involved.

TEXT FILE: – A text file is a computer file that stores a typed document as a series of alphanumeric characters, usually without visual formatting information. The content may be a personal note or list, a journal or newspaper article, a book, or any other text that can be rendered accurately in typewritten form.

Hyper Link:-A hyperlink is a graphic or a piece of text in an Internet document that can connect readers to another webpage, or another portion of a document. Web users will usually find at least one hyperlink on every webpage. The simplest form of these is called embedded text or an embedded link.
WWW: – acronym for World Wide Web.
1.9 Chapter Layout
This section was put in place to explain what each chapter does, chapter one introduces the project to the reader by explaining the problems the project is supposed to solve, objective of the study and research justification is to describe to the reader the purpose and the importance of researching on this topic, research methodology is all about the method used in implementing the research work, scope and limitation describes the boundary of the research work and where the project work can be put into use.
Chapter two deals with the literature review and state-of-the-art.This chapter discusses literature review, what people have published related to this research work and their shortcoming, how this present research can improve their shortcomings.
Chapter three deals with the system design methodology i.e. collection of tools methods and practices for achieving a task; the requirement specification states the expectation of the system analysis, and design which is the blueprint of what the system would carry out.
Chapter four has to do with the implementation, system testing strategies, target computer system requirement, software maintenance etc.
Chapter five discusses the recommendations and conclusion part of the research work and how this work can be applied to the problem domain.

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