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ABSTRACT

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The title of this research is the influence of radio programmes in crime management a case study of darling fm and hot fm. The general objective of the study will be to investigate the The influence of radio programmes in crime management a case study of darling fm and hot fm. In particular, it will seek to;
i. To establish the influence of Radio in crime prevention.
ii. To establish the extent of Police-community partnership.
iii. To establish the influence of police-community partnership on crime reduction.
iv. To examine the level of awareness created on crime control by the radio campaign from the darling FM and hot FM?
The scope of the study delimited to the influence of radio programmes in crime management a case study of darling fm and hot fm. Study will seek to establish the role played by radio in crime prevention, the extent to which Radio station can influence crime reduction in the community.
Also the research will be delimited to establish role of community policing as a crime reduction has impacted on the community livelihood.
Further, the study is also delimited to the influence of police-community partnership on crime reduction.
With the use of simple random sampling techniques from the population of 340people, the researcher selected 184 people. And Chi-Square will be use to test for hypothesis.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study
The depiction of violence in the media has been seen by many social psychologists, sociologists, social workers as well as communication scholars as a causal risk factor to aggression and violent crimes in society. This view is mainly backed by the Social Learning Theory of Bandura cited in Ugiagbe (2009) who posited that individuals learn certain behavioral treats by copying what they see others do. This is referred to as ‘modelling’.
The presentation of violent crimes in media encourages observers, especially youths to act aggressively with advanced technology. The media has been able to influence the perceptions, attitudes, emotions as well as the behaviour of many youths. It is pertinent to note that youths are more vulnerable or susceptible to external influence due to their bio-physical conditions that make them desire autonomy and independence from their parental domination. They are easily influenced by cult figures, musicians, actors and actresses seen in the movies and become trouble makers, rebellious and enter into conflict with authority figures at home, school and community (Iwarimie-Jaja, 2010). This has contributed to the incidence of violent crimes ranging from murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault and terrorism in so many parts of the world and this is especially true of Nigeria. This adverse social behaviour arising from the negative influence of the media on youths has continued to undermine the socio-economic, political and psychological wellbeing of the Nigerian society.
Radio is the technology of signaling or communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz). They are generated by an electronic device called a transmitter connected to an antenna which radiates the waves, and received by a radio receiver connected to another antenna.
A radio program (radio programme in the United Kingdom) or radio show is a segment of content intended for broadcast on radio. It may be a one-time production or part of a periodically recurring series. A single program in a series is called an episode.
In the 1950s, a small but growing cohort of Rock and pop music fans, dissatisfied with the BBC’s output, would listen to Radio Luxembourg, but to some extent and probably not enough to have any impact on the BBC’s monopoly and invariably only at night, when the signal from Luxembourg was stronger. During the post-1964 period, western Europe offshore radio (such as Radio Caroline broadcasting from ships at anchor or abandoned forts) helped to supply the demand for the pop and rock music. The BBC launched its own pop music station, BBC Radio 1, in 1967.
The international broadcasts became highly popular in major world languages. Of particular impact were programmes by BBC World Service, Voice of America, Radio Moscow, China Radio International, Radio France Internationale (RFI) , Deutsche Welle (DW), Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL), Vatican Radio and Trans World Radio etc.

1.2 Statement of the Study
The past decade the alarming level of insecurity in Nigeria has fuelled the crime rate and terrorists attacks in different parts of the country, leaving unpalatable consequences for the nation’s economy and its growth (Olabanji, 2014). To address the threat to national security and combat the increasing waves of crime the federal government in the 2013 budget made a huge allocation to security, and the national assembly passed the Anti-Terrorism Act in 2011 (Ewetan, 2013).
According to (GoK, 2014) violent crime involving firearms is still evident in the country attributed to social and economic degeneration in poor communities.Urban areas are worst affected with youths easily and freely involved. Readicalisation has heightened the matter with recruitments of Alshababab being done in the Mosques in the coastal Kenya. Drugs abuse and need for the same can only perpetrate this vice (GoK, 2014).
Lifestyle in the cities is sweeping the youths with quick cash, drug business, Miraa selling and alcohol has been seen as a style that describes this group. On this end the government is trying to live on its manadate to reduce this vice. Through the ministry of devolution, youths have been recruited to offer services at a pay in order to keep them away from such vices.
Further, the goverment through the county commissioners have been mandeted with security matters. With the frustration witnessed even with the police service, it is therefore prudent to involve the community to help contain insecurity. Reason is that the criminal is living amongst us. To reach out to all, radio has been identified as a media. For the foregoing discussion the following research objectives are identified.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The general objective of the study will be to investigate the The influence of radio programmes in crime management a case study of darling fm and hot fm. In particular, it will seek to;
i. To establish the influence of Radio in crime prevention.
ii. To establish the extent of Police-community partnership.
iii. To establish the influence of police-community partnership on crime reduction.
iv.To examine the level of awareness created on crime control by the radio campaign from the darling FM and hot FM?

1.4 Research Questions
The research questions for this proposed research work are:
1. What is crime management?
2. What is the level of awareness created on crime control by the radio campaign from the darling FM and hot FM?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
The research hypothesis for this research is stated below:
Ho: Darling FM and hot FMradio campaign do not have significant level of awareness created on crime control.
H1: Darling FM and hot FMradio campaign do not have significant level of awareness created on crime control.
1.6 Significance of the Study
Through the analysis of the mass media reception, this study will highlight some benefits that could be derived from crime managementprogramme portrays on radio.
Another significance is to find out the effectiveness of the various existing crime can be management through radio programmes.
Last but not the least, this study is believed to guide people in the way they live their lives such as the way of dressing, speaking, stay away from crime, and greeting. That is to say that it’s beneficial to the society rather than one that will make them look or behave negatively in the society.
1.7 Scope/Delimitation of the Study
The scope of the study delimited to the influence of radio programmes in crime management a case study of darling fm and hot fm. Study will seek to establish the role played by radio in crime prevention, the extent to which Radio station can influence crime reduction in the community.
Also the research will be delimited to establish role of community policing as a crime reduction has impacted on the community livelihood.
Further, the study is also delimited to the influence of police-community partnership on crime reduction.
1.8 Assumptions
As usual with a study of this nature, these researchers hereby made the following assumptions:
With the advancement, of technology in the field of mass communication, there trends to be growing awareness among societies. Therefore there is a general belief that people’s perceptions and understanding of radio messages are considerably high.
It was also an assumption that crime can be control, prevented and manage with the help of radio program.
Furthermore, people more often attached importance to message programme through radio on a regular basis had chances of making impact on its audience.
1.9 Limitation of the Study
The findings of the study will be based on darling fm and hot fm listener only through questionnaire method of data collection.
The data collection shall use convenience method. On this premise, the views of the respondents might not be a clear reflection of the entire stake holders.
The research findings will be meant for academic purposes only to secure confidentiality amongst respondents. This approach is appropriate to avoid biased response and the fear of victimisation.
1.10 Conceptual and Operational Definition of the Study
Police:The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect the lives, liberty and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder. Police forces are often defined as being separate from the military and other organizations involved in the defense of the state against foreign aggressors; however, gendarmerie are military units charged with civil policing (Lioe, 2010).
Nigeria Police Force: The Nigeria Police Force is the principal law enforcement agency in Nigeria with a staff strength of about 371,800. There are currently plans to increase the force to 650,000, adding 280,000 new recruits to the existing 370,000. The NPF is a very large organization consisting of 36 State commands grouped into 12 zones and 7 administrative organs.
Community:A community is a small or large social unit (a group of living things) that has something in common, such as norms, religion, values, or identity.
FMbroadcasting:FM broadcasting is a method of radio broadcasting using frequency modulation (FM) technology. Invented in 1933 by American engineer Edwin Armstrong, wide-band FM is used worldwide to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio.
Crime Control:Crime control refers to methods taken to reduce crime in a society. Penology often focuses on the use of criminal penalties as a means of deterring people from committing crimes and temporarily or permanently incapacitating those who have already committed crimes from re-offending.
Radio: is the technology of signaling or communicating using radio waves (Ellingson, 2016). Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequencybetween 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz). They are generated by an electronic device called a transmitter connected to an antenna which radiates the waves, and received by a radio receiver connected to another antenna.
Radio Programme:A radio program (radio programme in the United Kingdom) or radio show is a segment of content intended for broadcast on radio. It may be a one-time production or part of a periodically recurring series. A single program in a series is called an episode.
Victimization:the action of singling someone out for cruel or unjust treatment.

REFERENCE
Ugiagbe, E (2009) A Textbook of Social Psychology for Nigerian Students, Perfect Touch, Benin
Iwarimie- Jaja (2010) Criminology, Crime and Delinquency in Nigeria, Pearl Publishers, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
Iwarimie-Jaja (2012) Criminology: the study of crime, springfield publishers, Owerri, Imo state.
OlabanjiOlukayode EWETAN and EseUrhie, 2014: Insecurity and Socio-Economic Development in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development Studies ISSN 2201-4268 Volume 5, Number 1, 2014, 40-63
Ewetan, O. O. (2013). Insecurity and Socio-Economic Development: Perspectives on the Nigerian Experience. A lecture Delivered St. Timothy Anglican Church, Sango-Ota, Ogun State,
GoK, 2015, Kenya Police service crime report and datafor 2014. Retrieved on 12-10-2015
Lioe, Kim Eduard (2010-12-03). Armed Forces in Law Enforcement Operations? – The German and European Perspective (1989 ed.). Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 52–57. ISBN 978-3-642-15433-1.
Ellingson, Steven W. (2016). Radio Systems Engineering. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–4. ISBN 978-1316785164.

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