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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

THE BACKGROUND OF STUDY Crime is an economically important activity which according to Becker (1968) is almost totally neglected by economist. This neglect makes economics of crime a relatively new filed for economic investigation that has been aided by the fact that in the last four decades, there has been an outstanding increase in criminal activities as some reports and studies have conferred in Nigeria (CLEEN, 2006: Motor, 2009 among others). Factors affecting crime and determinants is closely related to poverty, social exclusion, income inequality, cultural and family background, religion, unemployment, education, age, gender, race, urbanization and a host of other economic and socio-demographic factors that influence the mind and behaviour of the individual in making decision (Buonanno and montolio, 2008: Gumus 2004; Motor, 2009; and Rustepeli and Ond, 2006). As such, criminal activities are not restricted to economic systems or to leadership styles. In addition, crimes are also not peculiar to level of economic growth and development. This is not to say however, that criminal activities are similar or same across countries. In Nigeria society, there are “the weaks” as well as “the strong” The physical social political and economically weak” and vice versa. As is the case in human nature, one group wants to feed and grow on the other. As a result this, there are social ills such as crimes these may include thuggery, armed robbery, airson, murder, rape, burglary, assault and other various forms of crimes all over the place. People find it difficult to obey the law, hence traffic rules are fragrantly disobeyed, leading to high accident rates, which results in lost of lives and properties. The afore-discussed, underscored the need for a body responsible for the protection and enforcement of law and order in the land. Iwarimie – Jaja (2000-28) has defined crime in a legal sense as an intentional act or omission in violation of prescribed defense or justification and prescribed by the state Antonomy as a felony, Misdemeanor or simple offense. Other victims of the armed robbers and assassinations included Dr. Obi Wali, Kudirate Abiola, Alfred Rewane, Madam Esther Tejuosho, Toyin Onagunruwa etc. Ekpenyoung (999:25) agree with his when he writes: New to the scene and Imo State violence in Nigeria is the rising tide of assassination, which have left the citizens in fear. These brutal Killings cut across every stratum of the society. An exhaustive list of the case of assassination in the past five years would be difficult, it not impossible to prepare since most of them go Unreported in the dailies. These criminals and assassins carrying out their nefariour deeds in gangs against innocent people and they are frequently hired to kill and inflict injuries and to commit other types of criminal acts. This appears to have declared war on the nation and have succeeded in instilling anxiety fear, insecurity and helplessness on the Imo State population. According Mohamed Akran delivered on July 8.1999:13at a National Seminar on Sharia and the problem of indiscipline in Niger quoting a Paris-based interpol’s international criminal statistics said that: In 1987 about 19, 153 cases of aggravated robberies were reported. The number fumbed to 150, 187 in 1990. By this same year about 216 criminals were killed. As at today, the number of criminals killed has sky rocked beyond human Understanding National Concord Newspaper, September 8, 1999. 1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM As state earlier, the statistical analysis of factors affecting crimes. These factors are treated as explanatory variable in the specification of the model. Factors that affects crime is income variable. There exists several ways of capturing the income variables in economics of crime. These problem are so serious that the police finds it difficult to do their duties, more so, that it is longer news to hear that the police social agitations, etc. in this country. Almost everyday, our media house report increase in the rate of violent crime e.g robbery, car-Snatvls nbot as if the police lack the ability, the print is that there is extremely poor and inadequate, communication process and network couple with statistical performance. It takes two or more days for information of a crime incident to circulate within an ordinary division, not to mention Imo State or the country as a whole. It is apparent the equipment such as radio sets, telephone in all station, Walkier-talkie and vehicles, just to mention a few, are in short supply. Vehicles in terms if carrying personnel from one point to another, carrying message from one division to another, for anti-crime patrol, etc aimed at checking the crime rate. The statistical communications problem does not rest on internal and crime performance only. The link between the police and the public is just not effective. There is no adequate information no what the police is just not effective. There is not adequate information on what the police are doing. Thus, inturn affect their image. This has reached to Imo State whereby the Nigeria police finds it difficult to relate crime will with the public. They are not considered credible by the public. This led to a situation whereby Akhagbicha, G. (1886) in its “police and the society” Committed thus; a…but when a policeman refuses to show mercy and understand on the society that shelters, cloth and feed him, the society, then se the every language or means to condemn him, hence the general contempt for police in our society” still the mean of the force seem not to understand not like themselves. All these out together, weight down the overall statistical analysis of crime factors affecting in Imo State? And to what extend does this phenomenon affect police in crime detection and prevention?. 1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY The purpose of this is to identify the various statistical analysis of factors affecting crime in Imo State and its possible set backs and how it rendered Nigeria police to determined crimes of its principal functions or duties of crime prevention and detection ineffective, taking Imo State police Commanda s a study post. It is also intended to find out how and to what extend statistical analysis is crime management performance has assisted the Nigeria police in Imo State in bringing the Crime wave of the State to the workable solution or method of detecting and preventing crime in this country as a whole by the entire Nigeria police force in Imo State. 1.4 HYPOTHESIS It is the intention of the research to verify the following hypothesis. H01: That a greater percentage of the factors affecting statistical management positions in the H02: That lack of sufficient equipment apart from Communities equipment negatively affect the attitude of policemen detecting Crime. 1.5. SIGNIFICANCE STUDY The significance of this study lies on fact that: finding of this research will serve as feedback to statistical Analysis factors affecting crime in Imo State both at federal. This study will also provided need information which as a reference, will assist both crime and government in policy formation. The social factors used in the analysis are education and deterreve or clearance rate. Education and deterreve do not significance explain total crime and property crime. Moreover, the study will serve as a source of information for researchers and the reading public as a whole may find need to know about the crime and how. Factors affecting the performance has adverse effects on managing their resources and it will enable them to appreciate the difficulties faced by them- the crime. 1.6 RESEARCH QUESTIONS This study intends to address the following question; (1) What are the factors affecting statistical Analysis performance on the overall performance of the crime detection? (2) What are the consequences of police present level of factors, on their acceptability by the members of the public? (3) What negative influence does the present level of police performance on detection of crime.

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