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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background ofthe Study Manpower Training is very vital for any development of any Organization. Why some organizations take it very serious others take is very lightly. There is always a positive result on the part of any organization that takes up staff training and development very serious. Any organization that fails to take it manpower training and development very serious tends to encounter difficulties in attaining its objectives and would find it difficult to compete favourably. There are various training and development procedures that can be undertaken by organization (s). This study is about highlighting the fact that unless training and development of manpower is properly done, objectives will be very difficult to attain. Manpower development therefore, becomes the end result of the application of power and career development. In the public sector, employees anticipate equitable and adequate Manpower development training. One of the purpose of an organization is to permit the group of individuals to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. The study of Manpower development as in long time seen as a vital tool in enhancing employees morale which has it multiplying effect on organization’s productivity. The study of Manpower development as a tool for employees high morale towards Organizational efficiency and effectiveness has been embarked upon in attempt to access the extent to which organization especially National Television Authority (NTA) cherish and promote Manpower training and development in boosting employees morale towards organization’s output. Therefore, the study would like to access: How far Manpower development planned with the mind of those at the top level management whenever they are planning strategies to introduce new concept to the administrative procedures with particular reference to NTA. 1.2 Statement of the Problem Some organizations in Nigeria do not engage in proper training and development of its staff, resulting to low productivity and poor organizational performance. In most cases, these organizations are not fully aware of the impacts of employee training and development on the performance of their organization, and thus they do not undertake training and development exercises for their employees. The Nigerian television authority (NTA) has been facing a lot of problems in manpower training.One of the problems inherent in manpower training in Nigerian television authority (NTA) has been finance. There has been shortage of fund to meet the acquisition of new technological implements in the organization. Low performance of workers has been another problem confronting the organization. The already trained employees have been poorly supervised. According to Koontz, O; Donnell and Weihrich (1955), another problem being faced by most organization was selecting few for manpower training. There was a mistaken notion that manpower training requires a few people with high potential in the training programme, while ignoring the rest of the employees. This problem was also applicable to Nigerian television authority (NTA). Post training evaluation was another problem facing Nigerian television authority (NTA). Posting a staff to an area he was not trained for was another problem confronting manpower training in the organization. According to Zahradeen (1981:185), lack of planning ahead was another problem confronting organizations in Nigeria and of course Nigerian television authority (NTA) was not left out. Absence of correct data had made planning and plan implementation rather difficult in organizations. 1.3 Objective of the Study The general objective of this study is to examine the effect of manpower training and development on employees periodic productivity in an organization a study of the Nigerian television authority (NTA) 2006 – 2012. The specific objective are: 1. to identify existing training programs at National Television Authority (NTA) Umuahia. 2. to evaluate the effectiveness of these training programs. 3. to find out if the training programs have any effect on employee morale and the firm’s overall performance. 4. to examine the effect of the training programmes on the staff as it affects their skills, experience and quality in general. 1.4 Significance of the Study It is expected that the outcome of the study will enable Management, who are the policy makers of the National Television Authority (NTA) Umuahia, to better appreciate the importance and impact of strategic training and development on work performance of staff members. Again, it is hoped that the findings of the study will serve as an important reference guide in the development of appropriate future training and development content and methodologies for the improvement of work performance. Additionally, the relevant recommendations will help ensure proper design, implementation and maintenance of strategies to manage people for optimum organisational performance including the development of policies and processes to support these strategies for the achievement of organization goals. 1.5 Scope of the Study The scope of this study is centered on the role and effect of manpower training and development on empolyees periodic productivity in an organization using their branch office in Umuahia, Abia State as the focus point. The branch office constitutes an important location of NTA Organization and holds a large population of employees. 1.6 Limitation of the Study Funds were in very short supply to the researcher and the researcher could not purchase some valuable print materials needed for this project at the time they were most needed. The expenses on transportation to NTA are so enormous because of many occasions the researcher was not attended to and would have to leave without the information required. Another constraint faced by the researcher was limited time for the completion of the project and engagement in other academic activities which occupied most of the researcher’s time. The research was faced with some restrictionsin the area of the case study; this is due to bureaucratic reasons in the administrative procedures in the Organization. It was not possible to get all the necessary information that would have helped in producing a comprehensive research work. The process of going through some records to get data was very tedious and formidable task as some materials needed are tagged “TOP SECRET”

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