A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF NIGERIA’S FOREIGN POLICY UNDER THE MILITARY REGIMES: 1966 – 1998

ABSTRACT The Nigerian Military began its involvement with governance on January 15, 1966; by May, 29, 1999 Nigeria had been through six Military Regimes, and collectively, the Military had governed Nigeria for a total of about 28 years. Over the years, there had been consensus on the broad Foreign Policy Principles outlined by Prime Minister Balewa at Independence. While there was a national consensus in support of these broad Foreign Policy Principles, each of the Military Government over the period of 28 years gave its own elitist interpretation to these principles. Thus, from the appraisal…

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AN ANALYSIS OF NIGERIA – UNITED STATES TRADE AND INVESTMENT RELATIONS, 2004 – 2012

ABSTRACT Bilateral relations as a tool for economic cooperation and development have become an important feature of the contemporary international system. Nigeria and the United States have had a long history of bilateral relations, which has defined trade and investment relations. This study therefore examines Nigeria-United States trade and investment relations between 2004 and 2012. The study adopted the qualitative method of research with complex interdependence theory serving as the theoretical framework of analysis. The findings revealed that Nigeria’s trade with the United States has been dominated by oil. It also shows that Nigeria’s bilateral…

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STATE-LOCAL GOVERNMENT JOINT ACCOUNT SYSTEM AND THE FINANCIAL AUTONOMY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Local governments in Nigeria are established to bring governance closer to the grassroots and enhance development. However inadequate finance has undermined the ability of local governments to achieve these goals. This study, therefore, investigates the link between statelocal government joint account system and financial autonomy of local government with focus on Anaocha Local government council between 1999 and 2012. The study adopted the qualitative descriptive method while data collection was effected through the secondary sources. The findings show that poor utilization of revenue by council officials accounted for state-local government joint account system. It…

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A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ELECTORAL REFORMS AND DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION IN NIGERIA AND GHANA, 2010 – 2015.

ABSTRACT The study compares electoral reforms and their implications on democratization in Nigeria and Ghana: in the light of the trends of knowledge on comparative African democratization, where Ghana is largely seen to be consolidated unlike Nigeria; and which had not taken into cognisance the electoral developments in Nigeria between 2010 and 2015. Extent Literature on comparative African democratization, while not being updated as observed, also had not contextualised electoral reforms and democratization in Nigeria and Ghana, between 2010 and 2015. While being guide by the propositions of systems theory and employs secondary method of…

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TRANS-BORDER CO-OPERATION AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF MARITIME SECURITY IN THE GULF OF GUINEA

ABSTRACT Trans-border co-operation in the mitigation of maritime insecurity has remained a veritable and time-honoured measure for the control of illicit maritime activities the world over. Essentially, this is because of the trans-boundary character of such criminal activities. The resource-laden Gulf of Guinea region has remained largely under-utilized because of the high incidence of piracy, sea banditry and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing within the maritime domain. This study pursued twofold objectives. First, it investigated the interface between the repressive measures adopted in the Yaoundé Code of Conduct of June 25, 2013 and the…

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DEMOCRATISATION AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF NIGERIA AND SOUTH KOREA, 1999 TO 2009

Abstract The problems addressed by the study were: (i) did democratisation enhance the national development especially the economic performance of Nigeria and South Korea between 1999 and 2009? And (ii) did democratisation improve the quality of life of Nigerians and South Koreans between 1999 and 2009? The qualitative method of research was used. This encompasses data from official documents of government, international donor agencies, Central Bank of Nigeria, Bank of Korea, United Nations Development Programme, Department for International Development, Central Intelligence Agency, African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development…

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POLITICAL ECONOMY OF BOKO HARAM AND POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN NIGERIA; 2009-2011

ABSTRACT This study examines the impact of the Political Economy of Boko Haram and political instability in Nigeria between; 2009-2011. The study drives its theoretical foundation from the frustration- aggression model. This helped us to undertake an exhaustive analysis of the activities of the Islamic sect (Boko Haram) and the amount of danger it poses to the state as a result of frustration they met in their view of how the state is ought to be. Guided by this theoretical framework, we posited the following hypotheses: The first enquires whether activities of Boko Haram sect…

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OIL AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA, 2007-2014.

ABSTRACT Since Ghana attained independence in 1957, successive Governments have pursued, with varying degrees of success, policies, programmes and projects to accelerate the growth of the Ghanaian economy and raise the living standards of the people. These are policies, programmes and projects around which national and development partner’s efforts are coordinated. The discovery and exploration of oil, no doubt has increased Ghana revenue but this has not fully translated to socio-economic development as expected. The study therefore, seeks answers to the following questions; Has oil discovery and exploration accounts for high cost of living in…

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DEMOCRATIZATION AND POST-ELECTION VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA AND GHANA, 2003-2012

ABSTRACT Election is universally considered as the hallmark of democracy, especially since the current wave of democratization in Africa. However, most elections in Africa are characterized by violence particular post-electoral violence. Moreover, the study examined the nexus between democratization and post-electoral violence in Nigeria and Ghana. Though scholars have interrogated democratization and electoral violence yet little attention have been paid to ascertain whether the mode of democratization accounted for the different levels of postelectoral violence in Nigeria and Ghana. Also, they have not determined whether democratic outcomes intensified post-electoral violence more in Nigeria than in…

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TOWN UNIONS AND COMMUNITY DEVLOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF NSUKKA L.G.A. IN ENUGU STATE, 1995-2010

Abstract In Nigeria, the philosophy of people’s participation in community development is increasingly gaining acceptance as an important instrument for mobilizing resources and organizing the rural populace to have cogent interests in providing for their well being. Government at various levels such as the federal state and local government have come to terms with the fact that there is an inherent imperative in ‘Democratic Village Republic” which advocates Town Union’s active participation in the decision making and implementation of policies that affects and shapes their lives. In view of the above, this study interrogates the…

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