CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND CRISES OF DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF THE UNITED NATIONS MANAGEMENT OF DARFUR CRISES

THE IMPACT OF ECOWAS PROTOCOL ON FREE MOVEMENT OF PERSONS, GOODS AND CAPITAL IN WEST AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA-BENIN REPUBLIC BORDER RELATIONS, 1999 – 2012
July 10, 2017
AN EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY RESOURCES IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF THE RESEARCH ON NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES BY THE ENERGY CENTRE, UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA.
July 10, 2017
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Abstract

The study investigated conflict management and crises of development in Africa. Specifically, the study examined the link between the United Nations intervention and management of Darfur crises and the development of the region. Utilizing the theoretical framework of Frustration and Aggression model which contends that the motivational strength toward aggression is a function of reinforcement value of the frustrated goal response; the theory unveiled that the refusal of the National Islamic Front led government to pay heed to the agitation and struggle of the Muslim African ethnic groups led to the eruption, escalation and elongation of aggressive behaviour in form of armed conflict against the NIF led government in Sudan. Relying on observational technique, relevant qualitative data were generated for the study. These were analyzed using qualitative descriptive analysis. On the basis of this, the study unraveled that there is a strong relationship between Poverty and prevalence of conflicts in Africa correlate. The study also exposed that Poor management of the Darfur crises by the United Nations
resulted and escalated acts of genocide and above all undermined development of the area. In view of this the study maintained that Measures should be sincerely formulated and implemented measures aimed at permanently resolving the endemic and devastating conflict and that the United Nations should for once live up to its creed of forestalling war and conflicts as well as protecting the hapless civilian population in the event of government-sponsored genocide against them.
Table of Contents
Title Page…………………….……………………………………….……….i
Approval Page…………………………………………….…….……….……ii
Dedication………………………………………….…………………………..iii
Acknowledgements……………………………….…………………………..iv
Table of Contents……………………………………………………..…………v
List of Tables……………………………………………………..…………..vii
List of Diagrams……………………………………………………..………viii
Abstract …………………………………………………….…………………..ix
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………….1
1.1 Introduction…………………………………………………….……….1
1.2 Statement of problem……………………………………………………3
1.3 Objectives of study………………………………………………………6
1.4 Significance of the study………………………………………………..6
1.5 Literature Review……………………………………………………….7
1.6 Theoretical Framework…………………………………………………20
1.7 Hypotheses………………………………………………………………22
1.8 Method of Data Collection………………………………………………22
1.9 Method of Data Analysis……………………………………………….24
1.10 Research Design…………………………………………………………24
CHAPTER TWO
POVERTY AND CONFLICT SITUATIONS IN AFRICA……………………26
2.1 Population, Religion and Ethnicity in Sudan…………………………….26
2.2 Living Condition in Darfur………………………………………………30
2.3 The Impact of Conflict on Poverty Focusing on Darfur………………….35
CHAPTER THREE
DARFUR GENOCIDE AND INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT MANAGEMENT STRATEGY……………………………………………39
3.1 Out break of conflict in Darfur…………………………………………………39
3.2 Military Campaign and Human Rights Abuses…………………………………42
3.3 The Humanitarian situations and the Response of the International Community………………………………………………………………48
3.4 The Responsibility to Protect and the UN Management of Darfur Crisis…………………………………………………………………….50
CHAPTER FOUR
CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION………………………………………………………………58
4.1 Ceasefire agreement and Deployment of Ceasefire Commission Observers…………..58
4.2 The Impact of the North-South Negotiations on Darfur Crisis …………………59
4.3 The Intervention and Management Darfur Crisis by the United Nations……….60
4.3.1 Political and diplomatic Efforts……………………………………………..61
4.3.2 Humanitarian Efforts………………………………………………………..62
4.4 UN Management of the Darfur Crisis and the Development of the Region……………………………………………………………..64
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION ……………………………………….68
5.1 Summary………………………………………………………………..68
5.2 Conclusion……………………………………………………………..70
5.3 Recommendations……………………………………………………..72
Bibliography………………………………………………………………..74
Appendixes
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