AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF VICTIMS OF CRIMES IN NIGERIA

AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF NEGOTIATION AND ARBITRATION AS METHODS OF ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN INTERNATIONAL LAW
August 18, 2017
AN ANALYSIS OF THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BODY OF THE WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION
August 18, 2017
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ABSTRACT


It is not exaggeration that despite the effort of NAPTIP and other bodies like the ILO, there are
still cases and reports of women and child trafficking in Nigeria. There are occasions where
hospitals take in young pregnant girls, offer them money for their babies ranging from N20,000-
N25,000, which they in turn sell between N150,000-N30,000 depending on the gender of the
baby. Regrettably, many Nigerian children in particular and Africa in general are prone to the
whims and caprices of human traffickers at a very astronomical rate. Some of the problems of
trafficking in persons are; the past and present military and political leaders lack political will
of the states to deal with the current issues despite large budgetary amount that was earmarked
to deal with the issue of all sorts of criminal activities, parents and relations of trafficked
persons are never interested in helping law enforcement officials to discourage their children or
alert the officers responsible for the prohibition of trafficking in persons, The absence of reliable
records in the offices of NAPTIP, various ministry of justice and some police departments on
crimes and victimization has hindered the understanding of crime pattern and trend of human
trafficking, the lack of enforcement mechanisms in to search arrest and prosecutions of the
suspects of trafficking and deal with them in accordance with provisions of the law is another
problem. Some of the objectives are; to examine the laws on trafficking, to examine the
application of the law on the offence of trafficking, also to establish findings on the application
of those laws on the offence of trafficking and to provide recommendations. The findings are; the
judiciary and administrative mechanisms for the prevention of human trafficking is ineffective,
illiteracy contribute a lot to backwardness of combating human trafficking, Nigerian antitrafficking law in itself does not provide a serious punishment that is commensurate with the
gravity of the offences, it has been observed that there has been a problem of lack of
coordination between international agencies and the Nigerian domestic agencies, i.e. NAPTIP
and other law enforcement agencies that are meant for protection of trafficking. The
recommendations are; Judicial and administrative mechanisms should be strengthened where
necessary to enable victims to obtain prompt and adequate redress through formal and informal
procedures that are expeditious, fair, inexpensive and accessible, Need to educate the public
about the rights and duties of suspects, offenders, victims and the state as stakeholders in the
criminal justice system, Need to further re-examine our criminal justice administration with a
view to addressing the problems created by our inheritance of a colonial system which extols the
theory of law and state to the point that recognizes only the state and the offender as the
“parties” to criminal proceedings, and to the attendant neglect of the rights and welfare of the
victim.

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