This project deals with the network of livestock but focuses on the information of the livestock and how they interact with the physical environment. This new design is meant to given the public information on livestock making use of the computers. This project will also focus on animal husbandry, breading, feeding, and management of animal for the production of food, fibre, work and pleasure. Modern method concentrates on ones types of animal in large, efficient farming units that general animal product as the highest rate of return for investment. Intensive husbandry conditions includes large numbers of animals in small lots, enriched feed, and growth stimulation by various means, and vacci-domestic animals, however, are raised in small units under less efficient conditions and at lower rates of return.
This project is about the design and implement of a computerized livestock management information system which is meant to give information about livestock to the public and also alert them to known what they are meant for.
Taking a look at the animal husbandry, breeding, feeding and management of animal or livestock for the production of food, fibre work, and pleasure. Modern methods concentrated one type of animals products at the highest rate of return for investment. Intensive husbandry conditions include large numbers of animals in small lots, means and vaccination against disease. Most of the world’s domestic animals, however, are raised in small units under less efficient conditions and at lower rates of returns. Animal furnish more than one-fourth of the world’s total value of agricultural products. They supply a much higher proportion of human food in the developed countries than elsewhere. In the United States, animal products accounts for more than one-half of the total agricultural income.
Traditional husbandry practices are closely associated with the degree of control needed over the animals have multiple uses; for example, animals is kept primarily, for work also supply milk, meat and nothing materials. The animal, and their, uses, however, are closely associated with the culture and experience of the people who care for them.
In some regions of the world, cattle are not considered for use in the production of food. Studies have shown that the work power, fertilizers, milk and the fuel from dung that the cattle provide. In these regions are more efficient animal products than meats. Analysis of other cultural practices has often revealed unexpected efficiency of use fitted to local circumstances.
Environmental influences such as climate also play an important role in the domestication and use of animals. Water buffalo are use as draft animals to pull wagons and farm equipment in Southern Asia, where they are adapted to the high temperature and humidity, while horses, which thrive in moderate climates, were the principles draft animals in the temperature regions until they were replaced by treated cattle humid conditions are prevalent in the Southern United States because they are better adapted to the climates of the region than European cattle.
Integrated Farming is a whole farm management system, which
aims to deliver more sustainable agriculture. It is dynamic approach which can be applied to any farming system around the world. It involve attention to detail and continuous improvement in all areas of a farming business through informed management processes, integrated faring combines the best of modern tools and technologies with traditional practices according to given site and situation. In simple words, it means using many ways of cultivation in a small space or land
Integrated Farming is not based on a set of fixed parameters but on informed management processes. This knowledge-based flexibility of Integrated Farming includes attention to detail and managing all resources available.
This study is based on livestock farming i.e. “farm management information system” a case study of Obasanjo farm. Once more the direction intention of this project is to computerize livestock farming that “farm management information system” has been operated manually. Management information system in this organization was essentially operated with a great deal of human efforts, and in fact the activities of the organization in this system is less challenging, less complex and hence organizations do this extents small sized. Management information systems remain the system that aim at providing information for the management on a regular basis. This call to mind the time value of information which implies that when the required information is received behind the period it will be used, the information become useless. MIS dries to inform the manager how to provide the information.
Management always aim at reading the climax in the decision performance fort attainment of organizational objective but this existing system could not attract such performance due to the lack of effective information tool which can provide the management with quality and needed information and at needed time. These systems always result to information over local which actually decreases the decision performance in any management. Information they say is power. Quality information is very vital do check in organization. The only information that can accelerate the management decision performance is the information that process the good quality of information. Such quality of information comprises:
Despite these qualities management cannot achieve their objectives. The decision performance also depends on the manager himself. The manager must be able to identify problem, define the problem, analyze it and suggest a possible solution to the problem. And for manager to do these, he must be backup with information required.
Due to the show mentioned faults and errors associated with the existing system of management information an alternative system is suggested which a computerized system is.
The technology have created an interesting opportunities for all managers and as the technology is growing the researcher demand it necessary to let the blowing wind reach the farm managers (Obasanjo Farm Managers) in their management information system. Software is developed to replace this manual operation of management. This form of software is an expert system.
Computerized livestock farming “farm management information system” is a software package that contains a lot of files and records the file that was designed in detail is a sales file which each of its record consist of files like varieties of livestock, quantity, price, weight, subtotal, total amount grand total etc.
1.1 Background Of Study
Chief Olusegun Obasanjo is not only a retired army officer, former head of state and politician; he is also a successful farmer. He owns Ota Farm, which is also called Obasanjo Farms. The large farm was formally opened on October 8, 1979, a week after Obasanjo handed over power to a civilian administration on October 1, 1979.
At inception, the farm took off as Temperance Enterprises Limited (Farming Venture). It later became Obasanjo Farms Nigeria Limited. Obasanjo Farms indeed took off in grand style, indication that Nigeria’s former president meant serious business. This probably accounts for the growth, expansion, sustainability and consolidation witnessed in the evolution of the farm, considering how it started and where it is now.
The farm took off with two layer houses containing 100, 000 birds each and five broiler houses of 12,000 each, in addition to two feed mills of three tons per hour each. The large farm, which has up to 7,000 workers started with four bulldozer operators. Today, Obasanjo makes up to N34million daily from Ota Farm, which has branches in Ibadan and Igbo-Ora, Oyo State. This is no small earning for the former president whose farm has played a significant role in the development of agriculture and food production.
Obasanjo also uses the farm complex at the Agbe L’ Oba House, Ota, and the Ogun State headquarters of the farm, to hold political and diplomatic meetings.
According to greenhealthyfarm.com, farmers business community says Obasanjo farm otta Nigeria limited ogun State majorly specialize in production of agro-based products and agro-allied groups which include: Table egg, hatchery services, chicken (broiler, grower, layers, day old chicks), plantation agriculture, piggery, commercial and parent stock poultry farm, cattle production (beef and dairy), grass cutter, fish production (fingerlins and juveniles ) and they have well equipped animal processing unit with facilities ranging from cold storage facility, animal feeds processing unit t0 Oil palm production.
Since the year 1070, obasanjo farm, as pioneered an integrated mechanized farming in Nigeria as of means of sustaining our fast growth population.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
A critical look has been taken and the effective feasibility study conducted and the step taken has been able to identify a number of problems that is affecting the effective development of animal in the world at large.
The problems which are discovered (during the feasibility study are as shown below:
The ability to know the number of people that visits the company system daily.
Inaccurate calculation due to the use of manual methods of doing it.
Speed of communication and the number of stages in the communication chain.
Feedback data on the measures used in the exercise are seldom. If ever perfect.
It is very unfortunate that the technology potentials has not been fully or even adequately realized in the field of farm management information. Very little farm managers has grabbed this powerful it opportunities. This has put managers and researchers behind. Some of the problems militating against high decision performance and achievement of management goals are as follows:
– Lack of quality information tool.
– Lack of specialist in the field. Lack of technical – known how.
– Lack of sufficient fund
– Poor service render by the government
– Poor perception of economic benefit.
– Management decline
– Immobility etc.
1.3 Aims Of The Study
The aim of this project work is to design and implement computerized integrated farming system (farm management information system) for Obasanjo farm.
Obasanjo farm majorly specialize in production of agro-based product and agro-allied groups which are:
Table Egg, Hatchery Services, Chickens (broilers, layers,growers, day old chick), plantation agriculture, piggery, commercial and parent stock poultry farm, cattle production (beef and dairy), grass cutter, rabbit and fish production (fingerlins and javeniles). Well-equipped animal production unit with facilities ranging from cold storage facilities, animal feed production unit to oil pal production
1.4 Objectives Of The Study
The objective that led to this research work is basically to expose the Nigeria farmers in general and especially OBASANJO FARM farmer manager with the effective, efficient, accurate and timely form of management information system. That is to replace manual MIS with computerized MIS. The researcher hope to achieve the following after this research thus
– To equip all the manage with quality information on regular basis.
– To give information on livestock to the public
– Increase the production of livestock in the economy
– System that will operate accurately well without error
– System that will eliminate the use of too much paper.
– System that will increase the functionality of livestock business without incurring too much cost on the management.
– To eliminate the steady decline in the management.
– To automate all the activities of Management information system.
– To accelerate decision performance
– To design an expert system.
1.5 Significance Of The Study
In the event of the above mentioned faults and errors discovered in the manual system. It is believed that the introduction of a computerized system of MIS will change the whole thing positively. It will totally eliminate the inherent problem which will in turn bring about immense cash value to Obasanjo farm and to all farm managers in Nigeria.
It will definitely expose and enlighten the staff and managers of farm in Obasanjo farm on what they supposed to know about their management. In addition, it will bring about more noticeable contribution and improvements to both the headquarters and other branches nationwide to be able to defined their problems and find out large on the favourable side.
Through the researcher restricted the study to Obasanjo farm, the result of the findings will let of immense benefits to all Nigeria farm managers and as well to students conducting similar research work on the same or related topics.
1.6 Scope Of The Study
In the study of this nature, one would like to accumulate information from many areas, But, in the view of the time given for this research such a wide range could not be reached. The researcher therefore, concentrated on the sales management information of livestock in obasanjo far. The choice of sales MIS was due to the time factor.
1.7 Limitation Of Study
Usually, every work has some limitations and this study is not exempted.
The two major limitations of this study are the high programming technique as well as financial constraints. The high programming technique constraint in PHP, JQUERY and MYSQL prevents the researcher to have an in depth study and analysis on the subject matter. While the issue of financial constraint limits the frequency of investigation to/from the institution toward gathering the necessary information relevant for the study.
1.8 Definition Of Terms
Terms associated to this topic are to be defined below. Thus.
(1) Boar – This male pig that has grown to a point that can pregnant a sow.
Confine System – This is type of management system that does not interact with the system’s environment. The pigs under this system are controlled they are not expose to the environment, their feeding and all management are controlled by a prison or persons.
(2) Computer – A machine used in modern times in organization and homes do manipulate data.
(3) Data – Is a row fact that has no meaning.
(4) Database – A collection of interrelated data stared with controlled redundancy to serve one or more application.
(5) Information – Information is a data that has been evaluated. It is a processed data.
(6) Information Overload – A situation which the sheer amount of information in an system is simply too great to be coped with by the information management available. It is overflow of information which slow down decision performance.
Information system- A systematic way of organizing the handling of information, from information gathering to information retrieval and use.
(7) Management – The process of procuring, allocating, combing and utilizing or organizational resources expressed usually as 3ms (men, materials and money) through planning organizing directing and controlling activities of work of the organization member to reach certain stated objectives.
(8) Management Information System – Mis is an integrated and holistic reporting network system in an organization that provides planning and controlling information for effective decision making.
(9) Mobility – This ability of information to move from one point to another, from one person to another easily and timely.
Open System – This is a system that interacts with its environments. The pigs reared in this system are always expose to the environment, its feeding and every other thing about the management is not controlled
(10) Pucker – A pig at the slaughter stage.
(11) Piglet – Young pigs. That is the earlier first stage of pigs.
(12) System – It is a collection of interrelated and interdependent procedures that are joined together to perform an activity or a task.
(13) Software – The programs that control the computer operation the system programme controls the hardware component of computer which application program controls task performed by computer.
(14) Sow – The female pig.