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The study was undertaken to investigate the Effect of Whatsapp on the academic performance of business education students. Four research questions were raised to guide the study. The study employed descriptive research design. The population of the study comprised of 247 business education students and 100 were randomly selected and used as sample for the study. The instrument that was used for the study was a set of 30 structured questionnaires which were validated by the supervisor and one other expert. The reliability of the instrument was designed using test-retest method and the reliability coefficient value of 0.86 was obtained. The research design used for the study is descriptive research design. The copies of the questionnaires were administered personally by the researcher and with the help of research assistants, the questionnaire items were analyzed using frequencies and percentages. The findings revealed that students are experiencing challenges in using Whatsapp for their academic work. It was also revealed that Whatsapp is not responsible for their poor academic performance since they use it to share academic knowledge and information among themselves. The researcher recommended that both governments, communities, school administrators should help to reduce the challenges faced by the student in the use of Whatsapp in the school environment. Key words: whatsapp social media, business education students, & academic performance.



1.1 Background to the Study Social media is built on the idea of how people should know and interact with each other through the use of the internet. Internet is a very essential part of life from shopping to electronic mails and education. It has become one of the most important communication tools among people. It gives people the power to share, making the world more open and connected. Whatsapp can be used for social purposes, business purposes and educational purpose. Whatsapp programs group individuals by interests, hometowns, employers, schools and other commonalities. A social network service consists of a representation of each user (often a profile), his or her social links, and a variety of additional services such as career services. Social network sites are web-based services that allow individuals to create a public profile, create a list of users with whom to share connections with, and view the connections within the system. Most social network services are web-based and provide means for users to interact over the Internet, such as e-mail and instant messaging. By Q4 2017, the Nigeria communication commission (NCC) said there were 93 million Nigerians on the Internet, this was a seemingly increase from 91.2million in August of the same year. And by February 2018, this number had reportedly shot up to 100.9 million. Going by the World Bank estimated population from 2016 census, there are 186 million people in Nigeria, 100.9 mean that 54% of Nigerians are online. Additionally, social networks grab the total attention and concentration of the students and divert them towards non educational, unethical and inappropriate actions such as useless chatting, pornography, time wasting by random searching and not doing the rightful which is reading. Also whatsapp has introduced many attractive tasks like, online addiction, advertisements etc. so that people can never get enough of these things. The social network addiction becomes a useless node for parents, friends and other associated people. Most business education students nowadays misses class due to arrangement they made with their friends online which could lead to missing of test if the lecturer decide to do one, and also they don’t meet the required percentage of attendance before exams which could lead to them not writing exams. After all these students cannot miraculously have good grades and this seems to be an issue which has affected the performance of business education students’ academic performance. 1.2 Statement of Problem Whatsapp can be regarded as one of the means which has made knowledge to be easily accessed. It has increased the rate of learning process, and makes teaching and learning effective and efficient. Online social networks have become increasingly popular in recent years providing a different and user friendly way to maintain social connections and share information. Olateju, (2009) asserts that information and communication technology in bringing changes to teaching and learning and research has prompted various educational systems around the world to embrace it. The proliferation of e-learning systems in learning institutions has contributed a lot to the acquisition and application of new skills (Awodele, Idowu, Anjorin, Adedire & Akpore 2009). whatsapp also provides learners with value resources for using the web as a tool in order to develop their understanding and solve problems, whether in school, at work, or in their private lives. The objectives of business education as opined by Njoku (2006) are: to empower individuals with desirable skills, knowledge and value to perform specific functions so as to become self-reliant, to help individuals appreciate the world around them and contribute maximally to the social and economic development of the nation. This can be achieved with the help of Whatsapp in acquiring such skills and knowledge through the help of skills related videos. Students use whatsapp day in and day out to interact with their peers, project supervisor and even teachers about class-related subjects. Not only do they know how to interact with others on the internet, they know how to use basic and even complex functions in order to do so (Joseph Baker 2013). Their ability to access, analyze, retain and share information is skyrocketing and they often don’t even realize they’re developing their skills, the advent and dominance of social media has created a new breed of marketing, which has required professionals to build and further their fields. Education is the process of cultural transmission and renewal, the process whereby the adult member of a society carefully guide the developments of infants and younger ones, initiating them into the culture of that society(A. Adeyinka). Education is very essential part of an individual’s life for every teenager education is more important than anything. Today students’ shows very much interest for using social networks but unfortunately whatsapp affect education badly. Technology is a step towards betterment, no doubt, but any technology which can provide ease to social networks can be dangerous for social network addicts. Providing facility of social networks is a straight invitation for addiction to any student, as academic satisfaction is not enough for those students who suffers from social isolation. The problem of the study is that students have not been able to integrate Whatsapp into their academic learning process in a positive way, these seems to be used for only their social life’s which has caused addiction problems for students in business education as they chat while lectures is actually going on and this would affect their performance academically. Objectives of the study The main purpose of this study is to determine the Effect of Whatsapp social network on the academic performance of business education student. Specially, it is to ascertain: 1. The challenges experienced by business education students in the implementation of the use of social networking 2. The ways to curb business education students’ addiction towards whatsapp. 3. The extent to whatsapp sites is responsible for business education students’ academic performance. 4. The implications of using Whatsapp sites by business education students 5. The rate of usage of Whatsapp sites by business education students 1.4 Relevant Research Questions The following research questions are raised to guide the study: 1. What are the challenges in the use of Whatsapp sites by business education students towards their academic performance? 2. Are there ways to curb business education students’ addiction towards Whatsapp sites? 3. Is Whatsapp sites responsible for students’ poor academic performance in business education? 4. What are the implications of using Whatsapp sites by business education student? 5. To what extent can the lecturer influence business education students’ attitude towards social networking? 1.5 Relevant Research Hypothesis The research hypothesis includes: There will be a significant relationship between whatsapp social network and academic performance. There will be no significant influence of whatsapp social network on academic performance of students. 1.6 Significance of the Study The findings of the study will be of immense benefit to all educational stakeholders, particularly teachers, researchers, students, curriculum planner, government, and the public. It will create in planners, the awareness of such problems that may be encountered in implementing projects on social networking. The findings of this study will be of benefit to the teachers as it will enlighten them on the need for social media as it will make study carried out by them easy to find out and help update their knowledge that would be passed down to the future generation. The findings of this study will also be useful to the government and its agencies, as the government would want easy access to social networks by students and these could lead to government subsidizing the cost and also making sure internets connection must be required before schools can be established. It will be useful to curriculum planner as it will enable them to carry out a thorough assessment on the implementation, effectiveness and impact of Whatsapp social network in teaching and learning. The students will benefit because they will understand the concepts, usage of Whatsapp and its relevance in proffering solution to daily problems in academic and application of the knowledge gain in their individual tasks in future. The study will also be useful to researcher as a source of literature or related literature that adds to the available material for present and future research study. 1.7 Scope of the study The study is focused on the impact of Whatsapp social network on business education students in the department of vocational and technical education in federal college of education (technical), Akoka. This study is specifically to determine the influence of Whatsapp social network has on business education students only. The study is restricted to 200 and 300 level in the department of vocational and technical education in federal college of education (tech), Akoka. 1.8 Definition of terms The following terms were used in the course of this study: Social networking: This refers to the fastest growing and dominant trending the use of technology in modern terms. Social networking generally refers to the interaction of people using various social media platforms with the absence of geographical and time barkers. Academic performance: This refers to the extent to which student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long term educational goals. Cumulative GPA and completion of educational degrees such as high school and bachelors degrees represent academic achievement.

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