DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEB PORTAL FOR POST GRADUATE STUDENTS. (A CASE STUDY OF REDEEMERS UNIVERSITY, EDE.)

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ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study
There are several terms in the library and information science and indeed IT that have their origins borrowed from other disciplines and a portal is one of such (Brakel, 2003).
The term portal is used when referring to a system that is capable of presenting related information from multiple diverse sources in a unified manner. A portal essentially encapsulates information by hiding away their various sources and presenting them in an organized and useful way to the end user of that information.
This user may or may not be able to; search using a search engine, send an e-mail to other users, catch up on some related or unrelated news and access one or more databases as long as the user is registered and has logged in to the portal. Organizations use portals to integrate access control with a consistent look and feel and a set of procedures for multiple applications and databases (which would have had to be stand-alone systems otherwise).
Web portal Also known as a links page, presents information from diverse sources in a unified way. (Maedche A et.al, 2002) This is a relatively simple definition, but it communicates a lot of vital information concerning the concept of a web portal. Firstly it asserts that it is also known as ‘a links page’, then tells us that it presents information, next it mentions the source of the information presented and then the manner in which said information is presented. All of these are very important to the concept of a web portal. This means it is not enough to present information, a web portal must present information from more than one source. After presenting information from more than one source it must not stop there, it must also present that information in a way that the multiple sources of information are not at all obvious to the end user viewing the information on the portal, he/she must be made to feel that all the information comes from the same source.
Ofoegbu et.al (2014) took it a step further from there to explain about web portals that they go beyond static web pages and require a sign on which links to some knowledge the organization has collected about the visitor. There are two key ideas explained in this definition that are not mentioned in the definition above. Firstly, a web portal requires a sign on, a means of authentication. Secondly a web portal links to some knowledge the organization has collected about the visitor, I think this explains why it is known as ‘a links page’ and also tells us that all that information from diverse sources must be linked to a particular entity. This is also why a sign on is required, to protect the information of an entity while granting him/her access to it.
Borrowing from the ideas of the two works quoted above, this study will consider a Web portal to be a secure web based system that is capable of presenting information from diverse sources all linked to an entity represented in the system in a semantically unified manner. A reference to semantics in this definition simply refers to the more common term ‘makes sense’ i.e. the above definition could towards the end also read …in a unified manner that makes sense.
Now that we understand what a web portal is, we move unto the next subject of this study.
The size of a portal system is based on the size of data that needs to be processed by the organization adopting it and it can increase over time, so a scalable system is always best when developing a portal.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
This portal is being developed in a university environment where post-graduate students do not yet have an online portal to carry out certain activities required by the administration in that environment which means they have to carry them out manually. There are some problems posed by the manual method of administration, some of which include;
Lots of errors in the process of documentation.
Search and retrieval process is very slow and tedious.
Exposure to the risks inherent in the physical methods of paying cash; like theft, loss and time consumption.
Report generation is very slow and tedious.
Possibility of loss of data to natural disasters like flood, fire and earthquakes.
1.3 Aims and objectives of the study
The primary purpose of this study is to proffer solutions to the above stated problems and developing a web-based online portal for the post graduate students of Redeemers University, Ede using PhP to develop the back end, HTML5 and CSS to develop the front end and MySQL as the database for information storage.
The objectives are stated below;
To create an online payment platform for post graduate students.
To create an online registration portal to effectively automate the process of registration by post graduate students.
To create an online system that can generate various reports for the administration on the school of post graduate studies.
1.4 Overview of methodology
The following are the proposed steps needed for the realization of this research work.
a. Literature review to determine best practice in modern portal system design
b. Develop the architecture of the proposed web portal system
c. Implement the web portal system
d. Deploy web portal in pilot universities
e. Collect feedback from web portal users
f. Analyze user-feedback against web portal objectives
1.5 Scope of the study
This study will focus on the post graduate school of Redeemers University, Ede in its implementation. This implementation will provide a basic portal home page (to house the authentication module) and a user friendly portal environment for student to;
Register.
Make payments.
View and print ID card
And interact with.
And for administrators to;
Generate different kinds of reports.
Input student registration detail for to get login detail
Post notices and information.
1.6 Significant of the Study
1. to the Students,
Through this system, the students will be able to use the Online Registration Portal, make payment, View and print their ID card effective for their online portal process especially for registering their personal information, fee payment and see school notification on their dashboard. Example: It will also promote students easy access to information resources, materials etc.
2. to the Faculty Members,
Through this system, the faculty members can provide all the necessary information and resource material to their students and also be able to get the student information from the website.
3. to the Future Researchers,
The future researchers could gain knowledge from the study on the benefits, advantages, and disadvantages, the impact of developing web portals which they may apply to their research in the future. By improving on the portal in such a way that is being connected with inter-switch instead of paystack or manual payment whereby students will be able to make any necessary payment through the website, payment like school fee, acceptance fee, and departmental fee and so on.
1.7 Definition of Terms
Administration – can access and controls the whole system
Payment: is an amount of money that is paid to someone.
Bank: is an institution where people or businesses can keep their money.
Accounts: are detailed records of all the money that a person or business receives and spends.
E: means electronic
Internet: is the computer network which allows computer users to connect with computers all over the world, and which carries e-mail.
Design: it is a detail plan or arrangement to achieve a particular purpose.
Implementation:  is the carrying out execution or practice of a plan.
Transaction: is a piece of business, for example an act of buying or selling something.
Student: is a person who is studying at a university or college.
Lecturer: is a teacher at a university or college
Institution: is a large important organization such as a university, church or bank.
Database – a collection of data neatly organized which stores the operational records
Portal – presents information from diverse sources in a unified way. Apart from the standard search engine feature, web portals offer other services such as e-mail, announcements, discussion board, registration, inquiry, information, databases and entertainment. A web portal is a specially designed website that brings information from diverse sources, like emails, online forums and search engines, together in a uniform way.
Registration – students or faculty members submits personal information to be a member to have an access inside the campus course portal.
Courses – is a series of lessons or lectures on a particular subject.
Exam – is a formal test that you take to show your knowledge or ability in a particular subject or obtain a qualification.
Post graduate students: A term used widely in reference to a category of persons that already have one or more degrees and are in the process of attaining an advanced degree.
1.8 Organization of the Project
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