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This study aimed at examining the impact of information and communication technology on adult education delivery in Lagos State. Information and communication technology (ICT) at present are influencing every aspect of human life. They are playing salient roles and making impact in work places, business, education and entertainment. Moreover, many people recognize ICTs as catalysts for change; change in working conditions, handling and exchanging information, teaching methods, learning approaches, scientific research and accessing information. This study attempts in answering the following questions (1) what are the usefulness of ICT on adult education delivery? (2) How efficient and effective is the use of ICT resources on adult education? (3) What are the factors militating against the application of ICT in adult education delivery? (4) To what extent is ICT utilized in the delivery of adult education in Lagos State? Survey design was employed to collect data from professional and paraprofessional cadre of University of Lagos Adult Education department using questionnaire. Cluster sampling technique was used in selecting the data collected during the study. For the purpose of data collection, twenty items questionnaire was designed to gather information from a total of hundred respondents. The data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution and simple percentages. The findings reveal some factors acting as impediments to the impacts of ICT on adult education delivery which are inadequate and unreliable ICT infrastructures, lack of training facilities, inadequate personnel, automation at infancy level, lack of technical know-how etc. The study concludes that information and communication technology has contributed immensely to the delivery of adult education programmes regardless of all the limitations characterizing its application. The result of findings and their implications on adult education delivery are discussed and recommendations suggested.
1.1 Background to the Study
Computers are increasingly becoming indispensable, tasks hitherto done manually at homes, offices, industrial set up, are being automated on daily basic worldwide. The computer with its characteristics of very high speed, large memory capacity, reliability, reduction in manual labour, and faster access to information has received a universal acceptability in all fields of human endeavor.
Information technology cannot be discussed in the absence of the computer. The computer is the bedrock through which information is communicated round the world at the speed of light.
Computer as a high-speed electronic machine that accept data, process them, stores or put them out of information. Computer as an electronic automatic machine is capable of receiving, storing, recalling or retrieving information put in. It is the fastest processing machine ever invested by man. Information technology is the term commonly used to address the replacement of tasks, hitherto done in offices, individual set-up and business premises by smart machines, e-mail, GSM programmable telephone, automatic banking system, computer terminal etc.
Information and communication technology (ICT) is computer related technology used to process, manage, store and transit data. It is a term that frequently lacks adequate definition. One of the main reasons is the breadth in scope that this term encompasses. It includes both the hardware and software associated with the computer.
The use of computer is more prevalent in education than ever before. This is due in part to the dramatic change in the work place. It is evident that people need to posses’ information and communication technology skills to meet the demand in every job sector. In response, leaving institutions are providing students access to computers and offering than training in ICT skills.
However, the change in education is not only driven by the work place. They are also influenced by the benefits this technology presents to leaving institutions. Learners enjoy easy completion of tasks and activities using the computer. They benefit greatly from drill and practices software designed to reinforce knowledge and skills in a range of subject areas. Moreover, specialized hardware and software meets the needs of learners with a diverse range of learning and physical disabilities.
In addition, computers are fabulous tools that aid facilitators to do or complete job related tasks. For example, software programmes help store students marks and prepare report cards, lessons delivery is made easier with presentation. The computer is dramatically changing education, CDs and other electronic media, many of those limitations are diminishing as students/learners to take course online from established educational institutions using e-mail, video conferencing and inter-relay chart as a method of interacting with teachers and follow learners. Information and communication technology is seen as a motivator, as opening up wider access to learning and providing new ways of teaching and learning in adult education delivery in Nigeria.
Adult education is the practice of teaching and educating adults. This often happens in the workplace, through “extension” or ‘continuing education’ courses at secondary schools, at a college or university. Other learning places include folk high schools, community colleges and life-long learning centers. The practice is also referred to as ‘training and development’. It has also been referred to as andragogy (to distinguish it from pedagogy). A difference is made between vocational education mostly undertaken in workplaces and frequently related to up-skilling, and non-formal adult education including learning skills or learning for personal development.
The fifth UNESCO international conference on adult education (1997) provides yet a lucid definition of adult education. It states: Adult education denotes the entire body of ongoing learning process, formal or otherwise, whereby people regarded as adults by the society to which they belong develop their abilities, enrich their knowledge, and improve their technical or professional qualifications or turn them in a new direction to meet their own needs and those of their society. Adult learning encompasses formal and continuing education, non-formal learning and the spectrum of informal and incidental learning available in a multicultural learning society, where theory and practice-based approaches are recognized.
With this definition, there is shift in paradigm in the practice of adult education in Nigeria. It has changed from a narrowly perceived profession that emphasized adult literacy. Adult education is regarded as a problem-solving discipline covering a broad academic discipline and giving unlimited educational opportunities to both late comers and early completed to realize the potentials through literacy, remedial and continuing education programmes.
With the invention of information and communication technology, adult education practices have now changed in its delivery of operations, activities and programmes. In the practice of adult education, various types of technologies are used to aid the services it’s rendered. Everyday new technological advances affect the way information is handled in adult education centers (i.e. continuing education centers through online learning). The impacts of new technologies are felt in the practice of adult education in every aspect. Computing technology, communication technology and mass storage technology are some of the areas of continuous development that reshape the way adult educators’ access, retrieve, store, manipulate and disseminate information to their learners or clients. Adult education is an integral part of institutions of higher learning that equip the adult with everything he needs for life in order to be relevant to his society by helping to solve some of its problems and contributing to the development of himself and the nation at large.
The delivery of adult education in Nigeria has change drastically. Innovative programmes have been put in place such as:
Basic literacy organized and financed by some local government councils in some states of the federation. It is a one month programme and it is held under the coordination and supervision of the Federal Ministries of Education. There is also the post literacy programme organized by the states of the federation for completers of basic literacy programmes and drop out from formal primary school to upgrade their knowledge of the first school leaving certificates. We have also the distance education programme organized by the states ministries of education and some institution of higher education in the country. It is designed for all those who because of the nature of their age are unable to enroll in the regular or formal educational system. The medium of instruction, information and communication technology used are correspondence, radio, television and every other electronic learning system. We have the sandwich programme organized by various institutions of higher education in the country for adults who are on the job and as well can afford it. We also have the women adult education and nomadic education programme.
Adult education delivery in Lagos state has been able to take care of all these programmes except for nomadic education. A good example of an institution carrying out these programmes is University of Lagos through adult education department. Information and communication technology has given the room for some of these programmes to be carried out effectively and efficiently. For example in the area of distance education, most information and communication technologies are used to facilitate the teaching and learning activities.
In the delivering of adult education in Lagos state, a step has been taken by the Lagos state government to eradicate illiteracy in Lagos through the Agency for Mass literacy, Adult and Non Formal Education. The agency has concluded plans to target about over 1,517,209 of the 18,965,114 population in Lagos state to be liberated by the year 2015. (lagosindicatoronline.com)
1.2 Statement of the Problem
There are enormous benefits accruable from the use of information and communication technology in the delivery of adult education. Adult education is also a vital tool for economic, social and political developments. It has also been established that the way adult education programmes are delivered determine the effectiveness of such programmes. In Lagos state, information and communication technology has been used in the delivering of various adult education programmes.
The central problem of this study therefore is to assess whether information and communication technology has impacted the delivery of adult education programme. This is done in a bid to suggest how adult education delivery can be enhanced so as to harness the potentials of adult education in Lagos state.
1.3 Purpose Of The Study
The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) on adult education delivery in Lagos state. Other specific objectives are:
1. To determine the usefulness of Information and communication technology resources on adult education delivery in Lagos state.
2. To determine the efficiency and effectiveness of Information and communication technology on adult education delivery in Lagos state.
3. To determine the challenges associated with the application of Information and communication technology in the practice of adult education.
4. To determine the extent to which information and communication technology is utilized in adult education delivery.
1.4 Research Questions
The following research questions will be raised in this study:
1. What is the usefulness of information and communication technology on adult education delivery in Lagos State.
2. How efficient and effective is the use of Information and communication technology resources on adult education delivery in Lagos State.
3. What are the factors militating against the application of Information and communication technology in adult education delivery in Lagos State.
4. To what extent is information and communication technology utilized in the delivery of adult education in Lagos State.
1.5 Significance of the Study
i. This study is expected to provide a basis for comprehensive information on information and communication technology procurement and application in the delivery of adult education.
ii. The study will established the existing gaps in the adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in the operations and activities of adult education practice.
iii. The output of this study will serve as a blueprint for adult educators, researchers, lecturers or facilitators, students and professional to chart the right course of action for the use of information and communication technology in promoting the delivery of adult education in Nigeria.
1.6 Scope of the Study
This research work will cover the impact of Information and communication technology on adult education delivery in Lagos state using University of Lagos Adult Education Department as a case study.
This research work seeks to measure how information and communication technology has enhanced the delivery of adult education in Lagos state. This work will also cover the effect in which information and communication technology has had on adult learners whether positively or negatively.
1.7 Limitation of the Study
This study will face some challenges such as time and financial constraints
1.8 Definition of Terms
Information: These are useful ideas or tips which are source for in order to achieve a certain goal or objectives.
Communication Technology: These are various tools or equipment used in disseminating information to the audience.
Information and Communication Technology: These refer to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications.
Adult Education: This is the practice of teaching and educating adults. It is the form of education provided for those that the society recognizes as adults.
Professional staff/cadre: They are individuals who are into teaching and lecturing work including professors, doctors in University of Lagos, Adult Education Department.
Para-Professional staff/cadre: They are non-teaching staff and individuals who help out in the day-to-day administration of the department work including some master’s student and some undergraduate students.
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