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ABSTRACT: The research is set to examine Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) strikes and academic performance of students in Taraba State University (TSU) Jalingo. The research employed multistage sampling technique to select the faculties and the departments from where one hundred (100) respondents were selected, questionnaires and interviews were employed to draw information from respondents. The findings showed that the incessant strikes action by ASUU in Nigeria have disrupted the academic calendar of Universities and this has affected students’ academic pursuit and performance100% of the respondents have experienced ASUU strikes and 75% admitted that ASUU strikes have had negative influence on their academics. Almost 75% believed that government can find a lasting solution to the problems of ASUU strikes through prompt and rewarding dialogue that grants the request of ASUU timely. The study suggests and recommends that university students should engage themselves in tutorial classes or self-study during the strike action to keep them abreast with academics at resumption, their parents or guardians should ensure that they encourage students engagement in academic activities rather than domestic chores while the strike last, the members and the executives of ASUU should employ other industrial dispute strategies to express their grievances rather than embark on indefinite strike action which obviously paralyses student’s academics. The Nigerian Government should also employ the method of prompt dialogue and grant the requests of ASUU in time to prevent erosion and total breakdown of the educational sector.



1.1 Background to the Study

The Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) is a Nigeria Union of University Academic Staff, founded in 1978, with a history of militant action. Strike, is a work stoppage caused by mass refusal of employees to work. An student performance is the outcome of education, the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals. University worldwide is regarded as the citadel of learning, the fountain of intellectual development and a ground for the production of leaders of tomorrow. According to Ike (1999) a university fulfills, one major function, it is a knowledge and value provider, in other words, a university progresses when it is able to provide knowledge and value and when it is not properly managed by the administrators and staff, it then fails in its function of providing knowledge and value. This according to Nwankwo (2000) explains why merit has been the watchword in the university system – an institution in which a student must first be certified worthy in character and learning before being admitted into the Honors Degree. The role of universities in human capital development, research and technological innovation cannot be under evaluated. All over the world investment in University education is a critical component of national development effort. Nations today depend increasingly on knowledge, ideas and skills which are produced through researches in the universities. Nations invest in university education because society expects it to contribute to national development in three principal ways. First, society expects it to university to produce the highly skilled personnel in technology, engineering, management and other professions; secondly, universities have the responsibility of producing their own corps of academic personnel that is, the intellectual resource pool that will, through scientific research generate new knowledge and innovation to solve developmental problems. Thirdly, universities produce teachers, administrators and managers for other levels of human resources development institutions. All these have left an unfavorable mark on the academic performance of the University students also affected the academic calendar of the university as whole.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The demand of ASUU is that government should fulfill an agreement it reached with it in 2009 on how to save the nation’s universities from collapse. On the other hand, government is proposing a piecemeal selective approach. There is no doubt that education is too vital to the survival of any nation that it should be treated as a subject beyond politics or evasive polemics. It is not deniable that Nigeria is presently not doing enough, by world standards, in the funding of her children’s education. As far as the government is concerned, there are other competing items for the limited funds available. This has caused serious altercations between government and ASSU resulting into persistent industrial strike actions. The incessant strikes action by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) has inadvertently affected the academics of. university students; it usually poses a lot of challenges to their study duration, performance in examinations and their final grading. The students are kept away from school for a long time; most of them are completely cut off from academics as conditions at home may not favor productive and rigorous academic exercise. The students and their parents become frustrated because of long expectation of school resumption that is far from sight. Some of the students while at home doing nothing get engaged in other things other than academics. In some cases they are easy recruits for criminal activities, such as armed robbery, kidnapping, and rape. This has made them a problem to the society peace and order in Nigeria. However the extent to which ASUU strikes affects students academic performance require a close examination and this research is geared towards examining the extent to which it has affected the performance of students particularly in Taraba State University.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of the study is to examine ASUU strike effects on the academic performance of students in TSU this is captured by some specific ones thus:

i. To determine the extent to which the strike action by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) has affected students’ academic performance.

ii. To determine the possible ways of minimizing the negative effect of ASUU strike on students’ academic performance.

iii. To examine what government can do to reduce the incessant strike action to the barest minimum?

1.4 Research Questions

This study sought the following research question:

i. Whether or not ASUU strike actions affect Universities students’ academic performance?

ii. Whether or Not there are possible ways of minimizing the effects of ASUU strike on student’s academic performance?

iii. Whether or Not Government has roles to play in reduce the persistent strike action by ASUU?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

(i). There is no significant relationship between ASUU strike and the academic performance of students.

1.6 Significance of Study

This research will add to the body of knowledge by enlightening the students on how they can cope with the unfavorable ASUU strikes, so as to enable them perform as expected in their studies. Furthermore, this study would also help to further research and add to knowledge build-up in the university. Again from this study, students would be able to device exemplary means of ensuring excellent performance even with the occurrence of a strike action by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU). Policy makers may also find the outcome of the study useful for future planning.

1.7 Scope of the Study

This study “ ASUU strike and Academic performance of the student of Taraba State University” will cover all the issues of industrial action in Nigerian Universities focusing on the Taraba State University and the perception of students about it.

1.8 Operational Definitions of Terms

ASUU: Is the Academic Staff Union of Universities. Strike: International Labour Organization (2011) posits that strike is the most visible and controversial form of collective action in the event of a labour dispute and is often seen as the last resort of workers’ organizations in pursuit of their demands. Section 2(q) of the Industrial Dispute Act defines strike as cessation of work by a body of persons employed in any industry acting in combination; a concerted refusal or a refusal under a common understanding of any number of persons who are or have been so employed to continue to work or to accept employment (Saharay, 2013).

Academic Performance: Academic Performance is the outcome of students’ evaluation in the educational goals. As specified in the curriculum which is greatly influenced by internal and external classroom factors. Ricarda steinmayr et al. (2014) documented that academic achievement represents performance outcomes that indicates the extent to which a person has accomplished specific goals that were the focus of activities in instructional environments, specifically in school, college and university.

University: University is an institution of higher or tertiary education and research which grants academic degrees in various subjects.

Students: A student is a learner, or someone who attends an educational institution.

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