Analysis , design and implementation of a web-based product booking and distribution information system ( a case study of dominion table water company Oron)

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Price: 2000 Naira (BSC, MSC)

ABSTRACT

This research work “Analysis , design and implementation of a web-based product booking and distribution information system ( a case study of dominion table water company Oron)”. This research work was undertaken to solve the various challenges encounter in showcasing and delivering goods and services to different client around the globe. Where every business transaction involve an on presence for transaction to be successfully executed. Most shops are experienced some draw back in their operation due to the current shopping system (manual shopping) which are: Lack of accuracy in customer’s record, slow in processing customer’s records, lack of proper accountability and tt does not give a customer the incredible convenience to shop at any time of the day due to the limited working hours. There is a need to change from manual way of shopping to a computerized way, where customers can browse through the internet and the system administrator to approve requests shoppers can buy products anywhere and a database that will maintain the products detail information. The system will be a web-based application and will be implemented on a relational database system (MySQL). Html (hypertext markup language), CSS (cascading style sheet) and Java Script will be used to design the web-user interface, php (hypertext pre-processor) will be used as the serve- side script language to link the interface and the database and Ajax technology for automation of the cart system.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


Online Market, commonly known as e-commerce or eCommerce, or e-business consists of the buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks. The amount of trade conducted electronically has grown extraordinarily with widespread Internet usage. The use of commerce is conducted in this way, spurring and drawing on innovations in electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, Internet marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI), inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems. Modern electronic commerce typically uses the World Wide Web at least at some point in the transaction’s lifecycle, although it can encompass a wider range of technologies such as e-mail as well. A large percentage of electronic commerce is conducted entirely electronically for virtual items such as access to premium content on a website, but most electronic commerce involves the transportation of physical items in some way. Online retailers are sometimes known as e-tailers and online retail is sometimes known as e-tail. Almost all big retailers have electronic commerce presence on the World Wide Web.
1.1. Background of the study The business-to- consumer aspect of an online shopping is the most visible business use of the World Wide Web. The primary goal of an online shopping site is to sell goods and services online. This project deals with developing an e- commerce website for online shopping. It provides the user with a catalogue of different goods and services available for purchase in the store. In order to facilitate online purchase a shopping cart is provided to the user. The system is implemented using a 3- tier approach, with a backend database, a middle tier of Microsoft Internet Information Services (MIIS) or local server and PHP, and a web browser as the front end client. In order to develop an e- commerce website for online shopping, a number of Technologies must be studied and understood. This is a project with the objective to develop a basic website where a consumer is provided with a shopping cart application and also to know about the technologies used to develop such an application. This document will discuss each of the underlying technologies to create and implement an e-commerce website for online shopping. An E-commerce is the trading in products or services using computer networks, such as the Internet(Wikipedia, 2015). Electronic commerce draws on technologies such as mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, Internet marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI), inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems. Modern electronic commerce typically uses the World Wide Web for at least one part of the transaction’s life cycle, although it may also use other technologies such as e-mail. Every business that want to shoot online, irrespective of it types need an e-commerce software product that fits your online store’s unique needs and requirements. For the past years e-commerce has been the trend for most business spanning across different cities and countries. Where product and service can be deliver through their web service and delivery is done using different transport medium like ship, car or through post office. This work is an attempt at delivering an online shopping cart system capable of delivering goods and services on demand, using a small Mobile outlet as a case study. E-commerce is fast gaining ground as an accepted and used business paradigm. More and more business houses are implementing web sites providing functionality for performing commercial transactions over the web. It is reasonable to say that the process of shopping on the web is becoming common place. The objective of this project is to develop a general purpose e-commerce store where any product (such as books, CDs, computers, mobile phones, electronic items, home appliances and any kind of goods) can be bought from the comfort of home through the Internet. However, for implementation purposes, this paper will deal with an online book store. An online store is a virtual store on the Internet where customers can browse the catalogue and select products of interest. The selected items may be collected in a shopping cart. At checkout time, the items in the shopping cart will be presented as an order. At that time, more information will be needed to complete the transaction. Usually, the customer will be asked to fill or select a billing address, a shipping address, a shipping option, and payment information such as credit card number. An e- mail notification is sent to the customer as soon as the order is placed. Business conducted through the use of computers, telephones, fax machines, barcode readers, credit cards, automated teller machines (ATM) or other electronic appliances (whether or not using the internet) without the exchange of paper-based documents. It includes activities such as procurement, order entry, transaction processing, payment, authentication and non-repudiation, inventory control, order fulfilment, and customer support. When a buyer pays with a bank card swiped through a magnetic-stripe-reader, he or she is participating in e-commerce. With popular trends and demands the concept of the Internet as the way forward to increase profit margins, companies new and old are creating websites here and there. The significance for retailers to having a web site is that a web site is informational and transactional in nature (Murphy, 1998). As the web site can be used for advertising, direct marketing, sales, customer support and public relations. Significantly according to a study by McKinsey & Company and Salomon Smith Barney, retailers who sell to their customers through catalogues; stores, and online significantly emerge victorious amid the e-tail shake out (Pastore, M. 2000). With seasonal events and holidays, the Internet has become a tool for a quick and stress free method of shopping. Allowing retailers to cash in the profit from another useful shopping channel. Jupiter Research expects 2003’s online holiday sales to be led by new shoppers, resulting in a 21 percent increase over 2002 figures (Greenspan, R 2003). The growth in holiday sales is driven by factors such as, online bargains; time saving; avoiding holiday crowds and much more. The top categories of Online Sales according to comScore Networks are: • Computer Hardware and Software • Apparel and Accessories • Office Supplies • Books, Music and Movies • Consumer Electronics • Home and Garden • Health and Beauty • Gifting • Sporting Goods • Toys and Games • Autos • Pets Freedman argues that as more consumers are able to connect to faster Internet connections categories such as Apparel may experience growth (Nancy May Kay Leung, 2003).
1.2. Statement of the problem This research work was undertaken to solve the various challenges encounter in showcasing and delivering goods and services to different client around the globe. Where every business transaction involve an on presence for transaction to be successfully executed. Most shops are experienced some draw back in their operation due to the current shopping system (manual shopping) which are:
 Lack of accuracy in customer’s record
 Slow in processing customer’s records
 Lack of proper accountability  It does not give a customer the incredible convenience to shop at any time of the day due to the limited working hours. There is a need to change from manual way of shopping to a computerized way, where customers can browse through the Internet and the system administrator to approve requests shoppers can buy products anywhere and a database that will maintain the products detail information. 1.3. Purpose of the study The purpose of this study is to analysis, design and implementation of a web-based product booking and distribution information system for dominion table water company Oron. 1.4. Aim/objective of the study In view of the problems mentioned above, this project is aimed at implementing a Store and warehouse management system which will exclusively: 1. Automate every sales of all product in stock 2. Manage different products and category in store 3. Manage different store own by the establishment 4. Booking of product and distribution 5. Mange warehouse and vendors 6. Manage every client details 7. Product daily and monthly report 8. Manage every users of the system 1.5. Significance of the study Buying and selling is very important to our everyday life, it’s very important that we humans have to market what we have like goods and services to other people that needs it, also purchase what we are lacking. Marketing is highly regarded everywhere in the whole parts of the world. The following are some significance of this study: A. The secured site for electronic commerce will help the populace people of Nigeria to get rid of risk in carrying cash around and the convenience of shopping anytime of the day. B. It will reduce the risk of transportation, since the customer does not have to travel far to shop for any items or goods. C. It will reduce the risk of authentication of the product and improved business transaction as customers are now sure of the originality of the product they purchased. 1.6. Scope/delimitation of the study This project looks into the processes involved in marketing of goods and services in the marketplace. The researchers concentrated on the operation going on the general marketing activities like sales, management of stocks, pricing and registering of customers, security and policy guiding sales. 1.7. Organization of the research This project will be divided into five chapter: Chapter one will consist introduction, background of the study,statement of the problem, purpose of the study, aim/objective of the study, significance of the study, scope/delimitation of the study, organisation of the research and definition of terms Chapter two will contain different literature by different scholar. Chapter three will consist introduction, research methodology, and system analysis, and system design Chapter four will consist the system design Diagram, Choice of programming language, Analysis of modules, Programming environment, Hardware requirements, Software requirements and Software testing Chapter five will consist the introduction, constraints of the study, summary, conclusion and recommendation 1.8. Definition of terms E-commerce: Generally refers to exchange of goods or services over electronic system such as internet. B2B: Refers to selling of products or services to other businesses. B2C: Refers to selling of product or services to end consumers. Credit card: it is a card entitling its holder to buy goods and service from certain establishment. Merchant: Refers to as organization (such as an MIT department) accepting credit card payments for the goods or services they provides. Order: A record of a request for goods or services initiated by a customer. Order ID: A unique identifier assigned to a customer order in clear commerce. Banner: An advertisement or image displayed on one or more websites to attract visitors to your site. Shopping cart: A wheeled cart for purchase of goods in a store or supermarket. ONLINE: An online is a condition of connected to a network of computers of other devices. The term is frequently used to describe someone who is currently connected to the internet. INTERNET: this is a global connection of computer network co-operating with each other to exchange data using common software standard protocols DATA: These are raw fact that to proposed into meaningful information MANUAL SYSTEM: Any system that does not involve the use of electronic computer. COMPUTERIZED SYSTEM: This is process of operation of integrated with a computer system. SHOPPING: Is the processing of browsing and purchasing items in exchange of money USERS: An agent either human agent, (en 0 user) or software agent who uses a computer or network services. SECURITY: Its objective are to establish rules and measures to against attacks over the internet SHOPPING CHART: A chart supplied by a shop, especially supermarket, to use by customers inside the shop for transport of merchandise to the check- out counter during shopping ACCESSIBILITY: A general term used to describe the degree to which a product, device, or environment is accessible by as many people as possible. DATABASE: A systematized collection of data that can be access immediately and manipulated by a data processing system for a specific purpose E-COMMERCE: Electronic commerce refers to the process of marketing, buying and selling of product and services online. ROBUSTINESS: The ability of a compute to cope with errors during execution or the ability of an algorithm to continue to operate despite abnormalities in input calculation etc. HTML CODE: – HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is a type of computer language that is primarily used for files that are posted on the internet and viewed by web browsers. HTML files can also be sent via email. Markup language: – A markup language is a combination of words and symbols which give instructions on how a document should appear. For example, a tag may indicate that words are written in italics or bold type. Web browser: -A Web browser is a software program that interprets the coding language of the World Wide Web in graphic form, displaying the translation rather than the coding. This allows anyone to “browse the Web” by simple point and click navigation, bypassing the need to know commands used in software languages. File extension: – A file extension is the suffix at the end of a filename that tells a computer, and the computer user, which program is needed to open the file. Also called a filename extension, this suffix preceded by at least one period, is generally one to five characters long but the norm is usually three characters in length. Email: – Email, also sometimes written as e-mail, is simply the shortened form of electronic mail, a protocol for receiving, sending, and storing electronic messages. Email has gained popularity with the spread of the Internet. In many cases, email has become the preferred method of communication. TCP/IP: – This often used but little understood set of operations stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. TCP/IP is the combination of the two and describes the set of protocols that allows hosts to connect to the Internet. In actuality, TCP/IP is a combination of “more than those two protocols, but the TCP and IP parts of TCP/IP are the main ones and the only ones to become part of the acronym that describes the operations involved. TEXT FILE: – A text file is a computer file that stores a typed document as a series of alphanumeric characters, usually without visual formatting information. The content may be a personal note or list, a journal or newspaper article, a book, or any other text that can be rendered accurately in typewritten form. Hyper Link:-A hyperlink is a graphic or a piece of text in an Internet document that can connect readers to another webpage, or another portion of a document. Web users will usually find at least one hyperlink on every webpage. The simplest form of these is called embedded text or an embedded link. WWW: – acronym for World Wide Web.

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