Challenges and prospect of e-learning in National open university of Nigeria’s education

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

The National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), was set up in July, 1983, by an Act of the National Assembly as the primary separation learning tertiary establishment in Nigeria when it got completely clear to the then Federal Government that the consistently developing interest for training by her kin can’t be met by the customary methods for up close and personal homeroom instructional conveyance. The foundation was shut down scarcely any weeks after its foundation and the Act that set up the University was suspended in 1984 by the then Federal Military Government that toppled the regular citizen government. Numerous years after the conclusion, the convincing reasons that educated the previous foundation regarding the college just as the need to fill the hole made by the Federal Government clipped down on mushroom outreach study focuses of numerous customary colleges all over the nation and the require to exploit rising advancements in the field of ICTs which have revolutionized the procedures and techniques for instructional conveyances somewhere far off learning mode required the reactivation of the suspended NOUN Act of 1983 out of 2002. This prepared for the revival of the NOUN.

The focal point of this exploration work is to discover the difficulties and possibilities of e-learning in National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) , Kano study focus, thusly it is of central need to investigate the establishment/history of National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN ) just as her method of Operations and her scholarly exercises.

1.2 Statement of the Problems

The call for utilization of e-learning in various educational sectors / unit on instructional delivery is to infuse and inject efficiency and effectiveness in Curriculum implementation. However, in developing countries like Nigeria, e-learning is challenged with the problem of material devices such as computer, computer laboratories, internet and email facilities, videophone systems and teleconferencing devices, fax and wireless applications, digital library, digital classrooms, multimedia systems and the problem of  multimedia courseware development among others. It is against this background that the present study is to be carried out to determine the extent of various challenges facing e-learning as well as to examine its prospects and benefits to the education industry if well utilized.

1.3  Aim and Objective of the Study

The point of this examination is to explore and distinguish the difficulties and possibilities of e-learning in Nigerian advanced degree utilizing National Open University of Nigeria, Study Center as a contextual analysis and to suggest conceivable arrangement. The specific objective are.

1. To sensitize staff and students of the university towards the use of e-learning tools.

2. To develop capacity in e-learning and provide leadership in this aspect of ICT utilization in Nigeria and within the West African sub-region.

3. To raise general awareness of the academic community of e-learning tools.

1.4 Research Questions and Hypothesis

Research Questions:

In attempting to discover answers for explicit issues emerging from e-learning, the accompanying examination questions were inquired.

1.       Are understudies truly familiar with the necessary information vital for the utilization of e-learning offices?

2.       What is the demeanor of understudies and staff of NOUN to the utilization of e-learning offices towards educating and learning?

3.       Does National Open University of Nigeria have enough e-learning offices and supplies?

4.       To what degree is the e-learning office being utilized towards the accomplishment of instructing learning objectives in NOUN?

Research Hypothesis:

H01: There are no any huge difficulties and possibilities of E-learning in Nigerian University instruction.

H02: There is no huge contrast between instruction through Electronic methods and customary methods.

H03: There are no huge effects of e-learning towards scholastic execution of understudies’ accomplishment in NOUN.

1.5 Delimitations of the Study

This study will focus on almost all selected departments across all faculties/schools in the National Open University of Nigeria, Kano Study Center, few of these schools are:

i. School of arts and Social sciences;

ii. School of Agricultural sciences;

iii. School of Education;

iv. School of  Earth Sciences;

v. School of Law;

vi. School of Management Sciences; and

vii. School of Science and Technology.

viii. Theology and psychological study

 ix. Research study center.

x. Counseling and Business study center.

But the faculties and range which will not be able to cover with this research are as follow:

i. School of medical Science.

ii.       School of applied science

iii.      Space and Marine school

This is on the grounds that a lot of viable work is required and can best be accomplished with active learning.

1.6 Significance of the Study

An attempt to embark on this study might provide a diagnostics basis for solving problems or challenges facing e-learning as well as knowing the prospects of e-learning in Nigerian university education. It might also help to change the altitude of students as well as teachers/lecturers towards e-learning.  Also, it will find out the role of Government to the development of e-learning through the provision of e-learning equipments.

In addition, it will make the teachers/lecturers, Students and government to be aware of the challenges and prospects of e-learning in Nigerian university education.

1.7 Definition of Terms

Prospects: Prospects is from the Latin word planned which signifies “a view or viewpoint”. A possibility is a method of looking forward and anticipating beneficial things, a likelihood that something awesome or incredible will occur. It resembles potential in that it is something that may be however isn’t yet. There is additionally the potential for something awful to occur, yet prospects typically look great.

Challenges: Challenges alludes to an issue or circumstance viewed as unwanted or unsafe and waiting be managed and survived.

E-Learning: E-learning alludes to electronic learning. This implies utilizing a PC to convey part, or the entirety of a course whether it is in a school or a full separation adapting course.

Education: This alludes to a discretionary last phase of formal discovering that happens after auxiliary instruction. It is also called advanced education, post – auxiliary training, tertiary instruction or third-level instruction.

University Education: This refers to an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education. It is otherwise known as higher education, post – secondary education, tertiary education or third-level education.

Distance Education: Distance education refers to a method of studying in which lectures are broadcasted or classes are conducted by correspondence or over the internet, without the students needing to attend a school or college.

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