The Impact of Leadership Style on Employees Productivity (A Case Study of Cadbury Nigeria Plc

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ABSTRACT

This research work tends to examine the effect of leadership styles on employee productivity with special reference to Cadbury Nigeria Plc. Survey design was adopted and research questionnaire was used to gather data from respondents. A sample of one hundred (210) was drawn from the population with the simple random sampling technique. Questionnaire was administered to the sampled staff of Cadbury Nigeria Plc. Three research hypotheses was formulated and tested with the use of Chi-square technique. The analysis resulted into rejecting the three null hypotheses and accepting the alternate, thereby concluding that there is relationship between leadership style and productivity; there is relationship between leadership style and labour turnover and there is relationship between leadership style and subordinate behaiours. Suitable recommendations were proffered the management of Cadbury Nigeria Plc.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Leaders as the member of the organization are needed to instill some inspiration, drive enthusiasm and above all the appropriate motivation in other member of the organization. Leaders are persons responsible for directing the effect of others. A leader can also be seen as an individual who influences the behavior of others toward pre-determined goals.

According to Johnnie (2006), leadership is the process of directing and influencing tasks related activities of group’s member. This implies that leadership must involve people that are followers or subordinates. Leadership is the pivot on which the success of any business stands.

However, leadership is the ability to inspire other people to work toward the achievement of goals through a coordinated decision making. It is necessary in every organization because management needs it to secure co-operations among the diverse components-cadres that constitute the organization. With the existence of co-operation within the organization,  the management is able to make proper decision and see its successful implementation to yield desired result.

1.2 Statement of Problem

Most organization style of leadership opposes the growth and development of the employee. Some leader does not focus on organizing, supporting and developing the people in the leader’s team.  A person with a poor attitude requires a different approach than one with a high degree of motivation. The fundamental starting point is having a good understanding of human nature: needs, emotions, and motivation. Some organization does not understand the application trait approach for test and interviews in the selecting managers.

Leadership style as it is used earlier refers to all strategies adopted by those who influence decision to guarantee a continuous maximum productivity in terms of decision making within an organization context. 

However, some styles are repressive, and the workers are more likely to react against the repressive ones. Hence the more progressive styles for a wider period of time and yield a desiring result in organization decision making.   

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purposes of this study are as follows:

  1. To identify the impact of leadership style on employee productivity.
  2. To evaluate the effect of leadership style on workers attitude towards achieving organizational goal.
  3. To examine the influence of leadership style on team work in an organization.
  4. To examine the relationship between leadership style and employee productivity.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions are meant to provide solutions to the problems of the study.

  1. Does the impact of leadership style improve employee productivity?
  2. Does the leadership style have effect on workers attitude towards achieving organizational goal?
  3. Does the leadership style influence organization team work?
  4. Is there any relationship between leadership style and employee productivity?

1.5   Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses are formulated for testing.

Hypothesis 1

Ho:    There is no significant relationship between leadership     style and employee productivity in an organization.

H1:    There is a significant relationship between leadership        style and employee productivity in an organization.

Hypothesis 2

Ho:    Leadership style does not improve employee commitment towards organizational goal.

H1:    Leadership style improves employee commitment towards organizational goal.

Hypothesis 3

Ho:    There is no significant difference between leadership style and team   work in an organization.

H1:    There is a relationship between leadership style and team work          in an organization.

1.6   Significance of the Study

The study will help to highlight the concept of leadership style and staff behaviour to organization productivity. Through such understanding, the administrative scope of the chief executives officers could be broadened and this would put him in a better position to review and overhaul their orientation to administration in terms of better leadership styles and thus producing better results by fully utilizing the human resources potentials available. The study will also help the organization to achieve organization objective in a particular environment and play a significant role on organization decision making.

1.7 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study of this nature is encompassing as the issue of decision making cut across all organization in the country.  It x-rays the issues involved in organizational leadership with a view to providing a framework for future solutions. Being an academic research work the study is limited with the following; there is limit to this study. The given time to this study is short, there is financial constraint as one of the limitation to this study and accessibility of information by the researcher is another limitation to this study as the data gathered are not adequate.

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