Impact of internet on the educational development of secondary school students in Nkanu L. G. A

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ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

In our society today, the internet has taken a cogent place in the lives of most individuals due to its wide range of acceptability and usability as a means of effective communication both locally and internationally. Singh, (2017) ascertained that the persistent rise in the number of internet users has skyrocketed to about 7.2 billion because of its effectiveness and efficiency as a means of communication at everyone’s convenience. The advent of social media has made communication easier between different people at the same time because they do not necessarily need an advanced knowledge of the internet before theycan access various social media tools either on the computer or their mobile phone Sudha and Kavitha, (2016). This has become an upgrade of technological advancement as opposed in the olden days when people use letter writing, fax machine, town criers and so on as a medium of communication which takes days, weeks, months and sometimes a couple of years before the message is delivered to the recipient. Thus, social media has improved communication channels, reduce the barriers through the emergence, innovation and advancement in technology that has made it easily become the fastest means of communication from one place to another willy-nilly of the distance in recent times. The effectiveness and efficiency of the internet has made social media tools to be a reliable means of connection and a bridge of gap in the communication among business owners, private and public workers, non-governmental organisations, religious houses, schools and so on irrespective of their sociocultural background, religion or personality so as to share information, documents, create blogs andcommunicate via audio or video conversations. In an attempt to stay in touch with families and friends and to also follow the latest news and trends, various social media tools can be used which include: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, LinkedIn, Snapchat, Whatsapp, Youtube and so on. Social media tools are used for either educational, religious, social, political and recently, most business owners uses it to advertise their businesses through E-Marketing which is done online by posting their items on their status or posting it directly to their timelines as a way of attracting more customers to patronize them. Furthermore, social media tools usage is also becoming more popular in the entertainment industry as it is easier to access movies, music, arts and so on via mobile phones and laptops and also which some youths have been using it to make themselves known to the public through skits, timeline videos and creative posts. Brown, (2010); Schroeder, Minocha and Schneider, (2010) further opines that the driving force behindthe embracing and adaptation of social media is because of its universal access, ease,functionality and suppleness of social technologies.

From the foregoing, it is perhaps difficult to imagine a school environment ranging from the basic to the tertiary institutions without the usage of social media tools either by the school management, teaching and non – teaching staffs and also the students due to its popularity as it simplifies easy access among one another. Recently, it has been observed that there is an increase in the usage of social media tools by students as compared to the last decade because most of the students use it to check for updates either for personal or commercial purposes. Furthermore, since the introduction of entrepreneurship into secondary school curriculum which varies from a country to another, most of the students have been able to use it to explore their skills and potentials in an attempt to learn new ideas which has become a veritable tool for making extra income and by empowering them to become self-sufficientwhich will be beneficial to them in their life time. Some students that have learnt blogging skillshave been able to use social media tools to gather information in sports, politics, health and fitness, education and also lifestyle locally or internationally and it’s been published online.

Some students have also resolved to use social media as a source of e-marketing so to advertiseand market their parent’s products to their colleagues in the school environment and also the general public.

The use of social media platforms by youths has become a mainstay in the general lifestyle of individuals due to its positive effects and its usefulness in the society that both the literate and illiterate have benefitted from however, many researchers have argued that the persistent use of social media tools among students could lead to an addiction which could have a negative effect on students‟ academic achievement while some believed that the adequate use of these tools will aid to the development of the students and thus make them a better learner because of the direct access to academic materials which can be sourced online at their own convenience.

The internet and its usage is of very great importance in our day to day living for being a source of channel for information enlightenments, information gathering, access to important and relevant academic materials for the teaching and learning likewise for socialization and fun. It has brought hope for students in particular and young generations in general There has been a never before seen growth in the numbers of internet users since the 1990s According to Computer Almanac (2003) over 160 million people accessed the internet in United States of America (USA), over 120 million people in Europe and more than 60 million people in Africa. The numbers of those who access the internet keep on increasing.

Conversely, so as to meet the demand of educational tasks, educational (schools) institutions in the country are asking for more internet aided instruction (IAI) and initialization of different technology with education. The internet had long been use in the society and educational system. Teachers, students and the society at large have been feeling greatly the usefulness and the effect of the internet. Also, according to Anderson (2009), the internet can be problematic or filled with problems to the users, especially with the youths. Such problems may be in form of those who spend excessive time on the internet (addiction), betting in the internet, and use of mobile hand set in class during lectures, watching of pornographic pictures and videos, missing class, test and failure to submit assignments. According to Scott (2004), students that extremely use the internet may possess uncontrollable behaviour that is impossible to stop or interest towards the internet which may result to unhealthy life style and severely upset feelings.

More so, the internet provides students with continuous access to family members, friends and other social groups to get social support. Thus, access and usage of the internet may bring about increase stress and tension. Through various internet tools such as the e-mail, social network like Whatsapp, facebook, 2go, badoo, imo, twitter, Instagram, and so forth, students are able to communicate, interact and connect with family members, relations and friends. Anderson (2009) reported that students who use the internet extremely too much may encounter a drop in their study habit, exhaustion, loneliness and sleeplessness. Some students feel that life without the internet is boring therefore they show clear preference to internet as a medium for interaction and leisure activities. Sometimes students often look unstable, restless, exhausted and depressed when they make effort to reduce the time they spend on the internet. Also, they are always looking forward and eyeing the next interaction online. Sometimes students lie to their parents and lecturers to conceal the amount of time spent on the internet which they see as a way of escaping from problem of unstable behaviour such as having a feeling of guilt and stress. Davis (2008) opined that the act of spending extreme time on the internet results to disregard of school responsibilities and keeping away from classes which result to unsatisfactory academic performance.

Studies done on problems of Internet access and usage include effects of personal relationship and communication in internet room (Bellamy & Hanewisz (2001). Brown & Duguid (1996) investigated the influence of internet on academic performance of students. The finding of the study showed that students’ academic performance was influenced negatively by the internet. Beida (2008) examined internet use, abuse or dependence among Students of University of Maiduguri. The findings of the study showed that those who spend excessive time on line encounter a drop in their academic performances. Paul, Baker & Cochran (2012) in their study surveyed effect of online social networking on student academic performance. The study revealed that too much internet usage affects in a negative way students’ performance. Whyte (2008) asserted that focusing on one’s study and moderately using the internet no doubt will bring about a higher academic performance. It is against this backdrop that this study explored Internet access and usage: its impact on students’ academic performance in secondary Social Studies.

1.2 Statement of the problem

The internet is a networking system through the computer and (ICT) which is controlled from a centralised monitor, where information is being diffused and passed to everybody globally. There are a lot of gains students and the generality of the society derive from the use of the internet. It is very significant to students because it has the possibility to make faster and more efficient and to reduce administrative challenges or task and make achievable greater effectiveness and productivity in the management of the educational system. Students are able to retrieve information and data through the availability of the internet. Ojedokun (2009) affirms that with recent development in information technology, no serious student will depend solely on his/her lecturers; they need the internet to support and authenticate facts and knowledge learnt or acquired in the classroom.

However, despite the numerous advantages and benefit of the internet to the educational and social environments, it’s access and usage excessive usage by students is not without its disadvantages which includes internet abuse, and compulsiveness, internet addiction, abandoning academic activities, going late to lectures, abstinence from classes, not submitting assignment, gambling and viewing of pornographic pictures and videos. Internet access and usage has been associated with missing classes, course failure and dismissal from school. It is with regards to the aforementioned that this study addressed Internet access and usage: its impact on students’ academic performance in secondary Social Studies.

The advancement of technology has brought a swift expansion of internet use, online media and social media which has had a great effect in the way people interact in the society on a daily basis. Recently, social networking among the youths has become more popular which is rampant among the students as a means of communication, socialization and for educational purposes. Due to the widespread and usage of social networking sites, researchers in the field of various fields are curious to know whether the grades of students will not be affected by how much time they spend online. Choney, (2010), MehMood & Taswir, (2013), Kist (2008), Jacobsen & Forste,(2011) averred that there is a likely effect that the persistent use of social networking sites through the internet may have an effect on the academic achievement of students‟ either positively or negatively.

1.3 Aim and Objective of the Study

The main aim and objective of this study is analyze the Impact of internet on the educational development of secondary school students in Nkanu L.G.A. the specific objective are:

1. To examine internet access and usage for academic motive and students’ academic performance.

2. To investigate Internet access and usage on students assignment submission.

3. To examine time spent on the internet and students’ academic performance.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research question is formulated base on the objective above:

1. How does internet access and usage affect academic motive and students’ academic performance?

2. How does Internet access and usage affect student’s assignment submission?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Ho1 There is no significance relationship between internet access and usage for academic motive and students’ academic performance.

Ho2 There is no significance relationship between Internet access and usage on students assignment submission.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study could be beneficial for students as well as for the institution. The valuable feedback gotten from respondents should help students to realise the benefits of internet in their education. Institutes can invest more in internet facilities to enhance the academic performance of their student and produce better results. Note that the relevance of internet facilities is measured by how effective, sufficient and accessible it is to students and users. The research will also provide in-depth insight into the various internet facilities and how students can be able to use them to improve academic performance.

1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is center on the Impact of internet on the educational development of secondary school students in Nkanu L.G.A.

1.8 Limitation of the Study

TheresearchworkislimitedtoImpact of internet on the educational development of secondary school students in Nkanu L. G. A.Themainconstraintoftheresearchisdividedintothefollowing parts.

  1. Timeconstraints-duetotheshorttimegivenforthestudy,the researchercouldnotgetalltherequiredinformationneededforthe study.
  2. Finance-asaresultofmoneyconstrainttheresearcherhadnot enoughmoneytocarryoutthestudybeyondthelevel.The researchercouldnotvisitplaceswherenecessaryinformation relevantto thestudycouldbeobtained.
  3. Attitudeofrespondents–someoftherespondentswereunwillingto cooperatewiththeresearcherbecausetheyfelt,theyhavenothing tobenefitfromthestudybothfinanciallyandotherwiseto theresearcher.

1.9 Definition of Terms

Internet:The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing.

Education:is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, morals, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion and directed research

Educational development is a growing and vibrant field, defined as: “helping colleges and universities function effectively as teaching and learning communities”

Academic Performance: Academic achievement or academic performance is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has attained their short or long-term educational goals. Completion of educational benchmarks such as secondary school diplomas and bachelor’s degrees represent academic achievement.

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