The impact of covid19 on education and the well being of students and teachers in basic science

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Price: 2000 Naira (BSC, MSC)

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

More than 1 billion and 575 million students in approximately 188 countriesaround the world are reported to have been affected by the closure of schools anduniversities due to preventive measures taken by countries against the spread of COVID-19 (UNESCO, 2020). Due to isolation, the use of technology has been considered the most appropriate (if not the only) alternative to keep educationalsystems functional in many parts of the world during this period. Despite the challenges in implementation, several advantages have been acknowledged in the need to shift to remote or online learning, among which stands out the opportunity for rapid progress in the field of digital education, which, in other circumstances, would take years (Lurvnik 2020). The shift to the remote learning format has also been assessed as a good opportunity for teachers and students to become stronger, more creative, and innovative (Yokozeki 2020).

The spread of COVID-19 has also caused fear, anxiety, and various concerns among citizens around the world (NCIRD 2020). For certain groups of peopleinvolved in education, however, it has been assumed that the level of concernobserved during this period has also been influenced by factors other thanCOVID-19. In addition to the circumstances caused by social isolation and otherpersonal factors, parents’ concerns are assumed to have been influenced by theirunpreparedness to assist their children in remote/online learning, lack of access tothe necessary technology and the Internet, or the inadequacy of the technologicalformats used for children with special educational needs and economic difficulties(UNESCO 2020). On the other hand, the concerns of teachers engaged in teachingprocesses have been observed to be related to their capacities of conductingremote/online learning due to the level of their knowledge and skills in the use oftechnology, their access to technology, and at-home isolation. Such concerns havebeen reported in particular by countries that declared an extremely low-level useof classroom technology prior to the current circumstances (UNESCO,March,2020). In addition, requests for shifting teaching to online format have alsobeen reported to increase the level of stress and anxiety among teachers indifferent parts of the world (ibid. 2020).

In fact, the quality of pre-university education in Kosovo and the insufficient level of technology integration into teaching processes are obstacles in theimplementation and advancement of the online learning process in the country.

However, there have been no further detailed evaluations of the factors related to the implementation of online or remote learning from the perspective of teachersor beneficiary parents since the beginning of the implementation of this approachto learning in Nigeria.

However, factors related to the quality of education, technology use, and classroom integration until now have included studies from numerous worldwide researchers. Existing findings from previous research within the field of psychology and education confirm that factors related to education quality and technology usecan influence the switching of the educational system from traditional to remotelearning.

Furthermore, it is important to recognize these factors, including the importance of technology on the learning processes and factors related to teachers’motivation for work and resistance to change, and also to identify obstacles facedby beneficiaries and education implementers. Support by educational institutionshas been demonstrated to advance the quality of the education system in adaptingeducational policies and teaching strategies to support the learning of students andthe work of teachers, enhance cooperation with parents, and support all of the above-mentioned parties in being active members of change as well as supportingtheir wellbeing.

To address this gap, the purpose of this study is to explore and describe the concerns of students, parents, and teachers regarding the circumstances caused bysocial isolation and the perspective of teachers and parents in relation to remote oronline learning.

1.2 Statement of the Study

The COVID-19 pandemic has threatened the education systems in history. It affects nearly 1.6 billion learners in more than 190 countries across the globe. It is likely to impact on practically in schools-those are the most disadvantaged children, teachers, and education staff through their time in education. There were 94 percent of the world’s student population have been affected due to closures of schools. The crisis is having a bad effect on pre-existing education by reducing the opportunities to continue learning for children, youth, and adults for those living in rural areas. The pandemic’s economic impact, there may be 23.8 million children and youth will drop out or not have access to school next year. However, distance learning solutions were developed by governments all over the world to support education continuity. There were innovative approaches in supporting of education and training by online communication tools, radio and television. The call for use of e-learning in different instructive areas/unit on instructional conveyance is to imbue and infuse proficiency and adequacy in Curriculum usage. Notwithstanding, in non-industrial nations like Nigeria, e-learning is tested with the issue of material gadgets, for example, PC, PC labs, web and email offices, videophone frameworks and remotely coordinating gadgets, fax and remote applications, advanced library, computerized study halls, sight and sound frameworks and the issue of media courseware improvement among others. Different investigations demonstrates that there is deficiency of expert prepared and abilities instructors for elearning, absence of offices, foundations and types of gear (Jegede and Owolabi, 2008).

 

It is against this foundation that the current examination is to be done to decide the degree of different difficulties confronting e-learning just as to look at its possibilities and advantages to the instruction business if all around used.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine the impact of covid19 on education and the wellbeing of students and teachers in basic science in ado local government of Ekiti state. The specific objective are:

1. To examine the effect (positive or negative) of the COVID-19 confinement on students’and teachersperformancein basic science.

2. To examine the effects of the differences in students’ performance in the academic assessment process.

1.4 Research Question

1. What are the effect (positive or negative) of the COVID-19 confinement on students’and teachersperformancein basic science?

2. What are effects of the differences in students’ performance in the academic assessment process?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The research hypothesis shown below is generated from the purpose and research question of the study:

H0: COVID-19 confinement has no significant effect on students’ performance.

H1: COVID-19 confinement has a significant effect on students’ performance.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study has shown the importance of e-learning during the period of Covid 19, An endeavor to leave on this examination may give a diagnostics premise to taking care of issues or difficulties confronting e-learning just as knowing the possibilities of e-learning in Nigerian school. It may likewise assist with changing the elevation of understudies just as instructors/teachers towards e-learning. Likewise, it will discover the function of Government to the improvement of e-learning through the arrangement of e-learning supplies. What’s more, it will make the educators/instructors, Students and government to know about the difficulties and possibilities of e-learning in Nigerian advanced degree.

1.7 Delimitation of the Study

This study is centered on the impact of covid19 on education and the wellbeing of students and teachers in basic science in ado local government of ekiti state.The main constraint of the research is divided into the following parts.

a) Time constraints- due to the short time given for the study, the researcher could not get all the required information needed for the study.

b) Finance- as a result of money constraint the researcher had not enough money to carry out the study beyond the level. The researcher could not visit places where necessary information relevant to the study could be obtained.

c) Attitude of respondents – some of the respondents were unwilling to cooperate with the researcher because they felt, they have nothing to benefit from the study both financially and otherwise. Besides they were afraid of losing their jobs, if all information needed are released to the researcher. 

1.8 Definition of Terms

COVID-19: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.Most people who fall sick with COVID-19 will experience mild to moderate symptoms and recover without special treatment

Well-Being: Well-being, also known as wellness, prudential value or quality of life, refers to what is intrinsically valuable relative to someone. So the well-being of a person is what is ultimately good for this person, what is in the self-interest of this person. Well-being can refer to both positive and negative well-being

Education: Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, morals, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion and directed research.

Confinement:the action of confining or state of being confined.

Prospects: Prospects is from the Latin word planned which signifies “a view or viewpoint”. A possibility is a method of looking forward and anticipating beneficial things, a likelihood that something awesome or incredible will occur. It resembles potential in that it is something that may be however isn’t yet. There is additionally the potential for something awful to occur, yet prospects typically look great.

Challenges: Challenges alludes to an issue or circumstance viewed as unwanted or unsafe and waiting be managed and survived.

E-Learning: E-learning alludes to electronic learning. This implies utilizing a PC to convey part, or the entirety of a course whether it is in a school or a full separation adapting course.

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