Investigation of family type and religiosity, it’s impact on alcohol use in Secondary Schools in FCT Metropolis

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ABSTRACT

The title of the research work is to Investigation of family type and religiosity, it’s impact on alcohol use in Secondary Schools in FCT Metropolis.base on the finding from research question which is Levels of Religiosity, Family type and level of religiosity have effect on student use and abuse of alcohol, Alcoholic backgrounds make students to consume alcohol and Alcoholism among students is caused by lack of religious morals. From table of the research question and hypothesis tested, we see that family type and religiosity have great effect on the use of alcohol, for example from question 2: Family type and level of religiosity have effect on student use and abuse of alcohol which is also use to text hypothesis, 30 out of 36 respondents said yes that Family type and level of religiosity have effect on student use and abuse of alcohol. But, 6 out of 26 respondents said no that Family type and level of religiosity have effect on student use and abuse of alcohol. From the hypothesis tested, the null hypotheses is rejected whereas the alternative hypotheses is accepted the research alternative hypothesis for this study: Family type and religiosity have significance effect on the use of alcohol by secondary student. the analysis was represented in tabular form for easy understanding and it consist the number of respondents and the corresponding percentage and chi – square was used as the statistical tools used for testing more than two population using data base on two independent random samples. With this we can conclude that family type and religiosity have great impact on student alcohol use and abuse.

INTRODUCTION

Alcohol consumption is not only legal but also socially acceptable in Nigeria and the country is now slowly waking up to the reality of the growing alcohol problem among its citizens including school going children. The problem with alcohol is that it gradually takes control of its consumers who eventually become alcoholic; a state in which a person develops an overwhelming desire for the mental and physical effects of alcohol (Connie, 1994). Unfortunately, the permissive culture in the contemporary society has not put down stringent measures curbing the youth especially those who are still establishing life and career foundation from alcoholism. For instance, in the United States of America young people try alcohol because to them it is not a drug but a drink that causes them to become more talkative, confident and socially at ease (Cobb, 2004). Besides, majority of students in the United States of America use alcohol and are likely to continue with the drinking habits into adulthood (Neuback, 2007). Likewise, students in Kenya have been reported to indulge in alcohol and drug abuse (Chesang, 2013) a practice that has become an issue of concern to the government and local communities. Generally, the media through advertisements is purported to pose a great influence of alcoholism among young people. Still, the traders who cash in against cheap local brews further encourage alcohol consumption among vulnerable populations including the poor and young people (Chireshe, 2006). Technically, the effects of alcoholism are diverse and transcend beyond the individual alcoholic to affect relatives, friends, neighbours and the society alike. These effects may include accidents caused by alcoholic drivers; lost man hours due to hangovers; misappropriation of family income as well as resources; the spread of sexually transmitted ailments including HIV/AIDS; damage of internal body organs such as the liver; family conflicts; declining grades at school for students; antisocial behaviour among others (Wekesa&Waudo, 2013; Githui, 2011). Particularly, alcoholism has devastating effects on students’ academic achievement and future career prospects thus, hampering the government’s efforts towards realization of vision 2030 in Kenya. Essentially, school going children need exceptional protection from alcoholism because they are the future professionals and any continued national development depends on skilled manpower (Githui, 2011). Therefore, determination of factors contributing to alcoholism among secondary school students in FCT Metropolis, Nigeria may assist school administrators, parents, school counsellors and education stakeholders in formulating appropriate policies and strategies for eradication of the vice among the students.

The main objective of this study was to determine family type and religiosity, its impact on alcohol use in Secondary Schools in FCT Metropolis, Nigeria.

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