THE EFFECT OF SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS OF PARENTS ENROLLMENT OF STUDENT INTO SCIENCE CLASSES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BWARI AREA COUNCIL OF FCT

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ABSTRACT

The title of the research work is to examine the effect of socio economic status of parents enrollment of student into science classes in secondary schools in Bwari area council of FCT. This study highlights the need for the inspectors of education as quality assurance agents to place a serious check on the quality of education and system of enrollment of students in Bwari area council. The following are the reasons for carrying out this research study is to determine the effects of parents’ socio economic status on the academic line of Students, to determine whether parental socioeconomic status have the same influence on the academic line of all Bwari area council secondary schoolstudents and to determine whether parental socioeconomic status have the same influence on the academic line of Students in developed and developing areas of Bwari area council.The research null hypothesis for this study: there is no significant effect of parents’ socio-economic status on enrollment of Students into science classes in Bwari area council.The analysis was represented in tabular form for easy understanding and it consist the number of respondents and the corresponding percentage and chi – square was used as the statistical tools used for testing more than two population using data base on two independent random samples. Since it is usually not possible to study the entire larger population of resident/parent in Abuja, the researcher has chosen the Bwari area council as the studied population in order to find a possible solution to which involve a total of 40 resident/parent.The alternative hypothesis is accepted for this study which state there is no significant effect of parents’ socio-economic status on enrollment of Students into science classes in Bwari area council.

INTRODUCTION

Nigeria today is regarded as a third world country as a result of developmental redundancy. The common assertion of sociologist that the responsibility of training a child always lies in the land of the parents and the education can be an instrument of cultural change which is being taught from home is relevant in this discourse. It is not out of place to imagine that parental socio-economic background can have possible effects on the academic line of Students in school. Whatsoever affect the development environment of children would possibly affect their education or disposition to it.Socioeconomic Status in line with the above assertion, Hill, Henry, and Wilson (2004) also argued that socio-economic status of parent do not only affect the academic line, but also makes it impossible for children from law background not to compete well with their counterparts from high socio-economic background under the same academic environment.From the issues above, the problem of this study to investigate the effect of socio economic status of parents enrollment of student into science classes in secondary schools in Bwari area council of FCT.

This study highlights the need for the inspectors of education as quality assurance agents to place a serious check on the quality of education and system of enrollment of students in Bwari area council. The following are the reasons for carrying out this research study:

1. To determine the effects of parents’ socio economic status on the academic line of Students.

2. To determine whether parental socioeconomic status have the same influence on the academic line of all Bwari area council secondary schoolstudents.

3. To determine whether parental socioeconomic status have the same influence on the academic line of Students in developed and developing areas of Bwari area council.

The following formulated hypothesis will help check for the trueness of the research study:

H01 There is no significant effect of parents’ socio-economic status on enrollment of Students into science classes in Bwari area council.

H01 There is significant effect of parents’ socio-economic status on enrollment of Students into science classes in Bwari area council.

Education is a process by which the mind of human being develops through learning at homes, streets, religious institutions like churches and mosques, schools, colleges or universities. It is also a process whereby a person develops attitudes and abilities that are considered to have value and relevance in the society. It is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens especially the youth. Every nation hoping to have bright future needs to emphasis education because it is the only way to much development. Yusuf and Al-Banawi (2013) noted that education must be considered as a key investment in modern economies because, as previously seen within the framework of a knowledge-based economy, there are strong and positive correlation between economic activity and education in explaining economic growth. Asiru (2014) stated that education is a catalyst to the development of individuals, society and the nation as a whole. Dagbo (2014) also opined that education in an important tool for social growth, development and interaction of all elements in the society for it economics, social and political well-being. Olayanju (2014) posited that education plays a critical role in human capacity building and skills acquisition. Despite the fact that the development of any nation depends largely on the quality of education of her citizen, the academic performance of most Nigerian youth in secondary schools is decreasing. This has become a major concern of education stake-holders and researchers. Imogie (2002) drew attention to the public outcries concerning the low quality of education in Nigeria. Ige (2007) confirmed that students who took the Senior School Certificate Examinations in Ekiti State performed poorly between 2005 and 2007. Ugoji (2008) lamented that students’ academic performance is declining because they are confronted with so many school and non-school related demands and responsibilities. Adeyemi in Abdu-Raheem (2010) agreed that the problem of students’ under-achievement has been an educational issue since the early 80s. Abdu-Raheem (2010) also confirmed through the data collected from Ekiti State Ministry of Education that only 26.9% of students that sat for Junior Secondary School Examinations for five academic sessions in Social Studies passed at credit level. Hassan (1983) examined and listed the causes of poor academic performance among secondary school students. Some of the causes are low intellectual ability, poor study habits, low achievement motivation, lack of vocational goals, low self-confidence, low socio-economic status of the family, poor family structure and anxiety. Different factors such as the child’s intelligence, state of health, motivation, anxiety, availability of suitable learning environment, adequacy of educational infrastructure, may influence students’ academic performance positively or negatively (Eweniyi 2005). They identified low motivational orientation, low self-esteem/self-efficacy, emotional problems, poor study habits, poor teacher consultation and poor interpersonal relationships as some of the causes. Fayemi (2011) also highlighted inadequate funding, poor teaching methodology, infrastructural decay,low morale among the teachers, indiscipline among teachers and students as factors responsible for the students’ failure in national examinations. Adegbite (2014) noted that most Nigerian students at every level of education sponsor their education by engaging in various kinds of works like prostitution, kike driver, daily pay labourer, security guard, recharge card selling, fuel attendant and casual worker.

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