Virtual Learning As a Method Of Increasing literacy In Nigeria. A case of selected primary schools in Bwari Area Council

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ABSTRACT

The study investigated conflict management and teachers job performance in some senior secondary schools in Abuja. The research question and null hypotheses were developed to guide the study. The research made use of the following procedures in gathering data: Questionnaire, Interviews and Observations. Self-designed structured questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents. The participants were drawn randomly from different few school in Abuja. Conflict Management Strategies Utilization Questionnaire and Secondary School Teachers’ Job performance Questionnaire were used, as instruments for data collection. The hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance using Population t-test, and chi-square. Findings revealed that, teachers’ job effectiveness level in Abuja secondary school is significantly high. The findings also revealed among others that; the utilization of the three conflict management strategies (arbitration, dialogue, and effective communication) had a joint significant influence on secondary school teachers’ job effectiveness. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that; secondary school principal should not rely wholly on one conflict management strategy, instead they should learn how to use various conflict management strategies and apply them based on the nature of conflict.

INTRODUCTION

Learning is the part of human existence. Each day of a man’s life, he learns new things to survive in a changing world. This is an informal learning in that as man interacts with his environment at any stage in time, he learns new things. But in a formal learning situation, learning starts at home in a credle format, continues in the school, college, universities, workplace (Singh, 2011). “Learning is breaking out of the narrow boxes that it was trapped in during the 20th century: teachers’ professionalism, reflection and ingenuity are leading learning to places genuinely exciting to this new generation of connected young school students – and their teachers too”. In effect, virtual learning environments (VLE) are making students not to be confined to a particular building, or restricted to any single location or moment”. The school learning environment offers opportunities for teachers and students to come together for institutional teaching/learning process. In this learning process, various technological gadgets are employed to facilitate the process. Such advanced technologies include internet, e-mail, website, mobile phone, ipodetc (Mangal and Mangal, 2009). These advanced technologies are variable tools for rendering valuable assistance and good alternative to traditional method of education. This alternative could be in form of virtual classroom.

The Nigerian government has made a commitment to improve the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) skills of its people, and to bridge the digital divide by targeting Nigerian higher institutions (Federal Ministry of Education, 2007). The Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004:53) earlier stated that, “the government shall provide facilities and necessary infrastructure for the promotion of ICT and e-learning.” These commitments are in line with that of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) to achieve a sustainable development in the 21st century. Hence, virtual learning, as a component of ICT ought to be receiving attention in Nigerian universities, which is why this paper investigates the extent to which Nigerian University students are aware of what virtual learning entails as well as its benefits.

The emergence and diffusion of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) have triggered an unstoppable revolution in education, particularly in the areas of teaching and learning. Internet and the Internet have further accelerated the revolutionary pace, including improving e-learning. For most providers of open learning and distance learning, e-learning has given access to another dimension. Although the nations themselves praise open and distance learning (ODL) as a way to free themselves from the problem of massive access to education, learning E-11 further expands borders by further reducing the distance between education and helping people living in the region are able to access education at any time, at their own pace and anywhere. Online learning or online education provides students with excellent opportunities to communicate individually with their learning materials, learning resources and tutors. It is the interactive use of technology and communication systems to enhance the learning experience. This has the potential to change the way we teach and learn throughout the year (24 hours a day, 7 days a week). This can raise the level and increase participation in lifelong learning. It is important to keep in mind that as e-learning via networking technologies, e-learning involves the use of virtual technologies in the practice of teaching, learning and learning. Evaluation (Lee, Hong, and Ling, 2002). Therefore, the study examines the impact of virtual learning methods on literacy

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